The Institute of Education Sciences (IES) held its third annual research conference June 10-12, 2008, at the Marriott Wardman Park Hotel in Washington, D.C., for IES grant and contract awardees. Organized around the theme Education Research: What's Now? What's Next?, the conference represented the broadest assemblage of grant and contract recipients conducting education research funded by IES. The 2008 conference was attended by over 850 researchers from around the country and featured plenary presentations by IES Director Grover J. "Russ" Whitehurst and Gary Taubes, an award-winning science writer whose current focus is on controversial science and the scientific tools and methodology needed to establish reliable knowledge in any field of inquiry. His latest book, Good Calories, Bad Calories: Challenging the Conventional Wisdom on Diet, Weight Control and Disease (Knopf, 2007), examines how a hypothesis became dogma. Attendees participated in 26 panel and open forum sessions, viewed over 340 poster presentations, and enjoyed many opportunities for dialogue and collaboration.