Dr. Wai-Ying Chow
Telephone: (202) 245-8198
The Effective Teachers and Effective Teaching (Effective Teachers) topic supports research on strategies for improving the performance of classroom teachers in ways that promote student learning and achievement in reading, writing, mathematics, science, and - for English Learners - English language proficiency, from kindergarten through high school.
Through this topic, the Institute is interested in identifying and understanding (1) the specific knowledge and skills a K–12 teacher must possess to promote student learning; (2) effective approaches to assess teacher knowledge and skills; (3) strategies to help teachers acquire the knowledge and skills they need to improve classroom instruction; and (4) effective programs and policies for teacher recruitment, retention, certification, and evaluation that lead to the promotion of student learning. Applicants to the Effective Teachers topic are encouraged to employ methodologies from a variety of disciplines, such as industrial-organizational psychology and cognitive science, to identify the micro-level and context-specific teaching behaviors linked to student outcomes. For instance, the field of industrial-organizational psychology utilizes a number of approaches to understanding and measuring the key aspects of a job (e.g., job analysis, identification of relevant job performance dimensions, and development and validation of measures to assess the knowledge and skills needed in performing the specific job that could be applied to understanding and measuring the key constructs of teaching.
The long-term outcome of this research will be an array of instructional practices, programs (e.g., professional development interventions), assessments, and policies (e.g., recruitment, retention, and teacher evaluation) that have been demonstrated to be effective for improving and assessing teaching and teachers in ways that are linked to improvement in student achievement.