Contractors: Mathematica Policy Research, Decision Information Resources
For many teachers, the early years represent a difficult transition period—first-year teachers tend to be less effective classroom teachers than their experienced counterparts, and newer teachers are more likely to leave the profession. These difficulties are often attributed to lack of adequate teacher preparation and support, issues that teaching residency programs (TRPs) are designed to address. TRPs involve a year-long "clinical" experience (the "residency") shadowing and co-teaching with an experienced mentor. TRPs also provide continued support and mentoring after participants become teachers of record. Before and during their residencies, participants in TRPs take coursework, usually resulting in a master's degree.
The evaluation of TRPs provides important descriptive and implementation information on TRPs, as well as information on the teacher retention outcomes of teachers who participate in TRPs. The evaluation focuses on TRPs that received grants from the Teacher Quality Partnership (TQP) Program in fall 2009 and spring 2010. The evaluation is authorized in Title II, Part A of the Higher Education Act, as amended by the Higher Education Opportunity Act (Public Law 110-315, Section 201 - 204). The TQP program, funded in FY09 at $43 million, received an additional $100 million in funds as part of The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) of 2009.
The study addresses the following key research questions:
Descriptive information concerning TQP grantees operating TRPs was collected through a survey administered in Spring, 2012. More detailed implementation information was collected through TRP program director interviews and surveys of residents and mentors, conducted within a subset of TRPs during Spring 2012. Teacher mobility was tracked through district records and teacher surveys in order to examine retention in the profession, district, and school, among novice TRP and novice non-TRP teachers in a subset of six districts.
Cost/Duration: $3,708,284 over 5 years and 10 months (February 2010 – December 2015)
A study report was released on November 18, 2014 (http://ies.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=NCEE20154002). An evaluation brief on teacher retention was released on August 19, 2015 (http://ies.ed.gov/ncee/pubs/20154015/).
The study's report provides descriptive information regarding residency programs' activities and participants. It also examines early teacher retention outcomes. It found that:
The study's evaluation brief updates the retention findings included in the study's report. It examines the rates at which the residency teachers were retained in the same district and the same school as of fall 2013, thereby tracking two successive cohorts of teachers into their third or fourth year as a teacher of record. It found that: