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Peer-Assisted Learning Strategies
Beginning Reading

PALS was found to have potentially positive effects on alphabetics, no discernible effects on fluency, and mixed effects on comprehension for beginning readers.

Peer-Assisted Learning Strategies is a peer-tutoring program for grades K–6 that aims to improve student proficiency in several disciplines. During the 30-35 minute peer-tutoring sessions, students take turns acting at the tutor, coaching and correcting one another as they work through problems. The designation of tutoring pairs and skill assignment is based on teacher judgement of student needs and abilities, and teachers reassign tutoring pairs regularly.  

Findings

3
studies that met standards out of
13
eligible studies reviewed
Outcome Domain Effectiveness Rating Grades Improvement Index
Alphabetics Potentially positive effects K-1
 
 
14
Comprehension Mixed effects 1 --
Reading fluency No discernible effects 1 --

Last Updated: May 2012

Race

Asian
5%
Black
26%
White
28%
Other
3%

Ethnicity

Hispanic
40%
Not Hispanic
60%

Gender

Male: 50%
Female: 49%

Free & Reduced-Price Lunch

62%

English Learners

English Learners icon
24%

Delivery Method

whole class icon
Small Group

Urbanicity

Urban

Locations

MN, FL, TN, TX
Midwest, South


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