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Practice Guide iconPractice Guide
Released: September 2007
PDF (1.2 MB)
The objective of this guide is to provide teachers with specific recommendations that can be carried out in the classroom without requiring systemic change. Other school personnel having direct contact with students, such as coaches, counselors, and principals, will also find the guide useful.
1
Moderate Evidence
Teach students that academic abilities are expandable and improvable.
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2
Moderate Evidence
Provide prescriptive, informational feedback.
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3
Minimal Evidence
Expose girls to female role models who have succeeded in math and science.
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4
Moderate Evidence
Create a classroom environment that sparks initial curiosity and fosters long-term interest in math and science.
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5
Minimal Evidence
Provide spatial skills training.
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Teachers should explicitly teach students that academic abilities are expandable and improvable in order to enhance girls’ beliefs about their abilities.

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Teachers should provide students with prescriptive, informational feedback regarding their performance.

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Teachers should expose girls to female role models who have achieved in math or science in order to promote positive beliefs regarding women’s abilities in math and science.

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Teachers can foster girls’ long-term interest in math and science by choosing activities connecting math and science activities to careers in ways that do not reinforce existing gender stereotypes and choosing activities that spark initial curiosity about math and science content.

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Teachers should provide opportunities for students to engage in spatial skills training.

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Topics:
Education Levels:
  • Elementary
  • Middle Grades
  • High School
Audience:
  • Administrator
  • Parent/Family
  • Policymaker
  • Researcher
  • School Specialist
  • Teacher

This practice guide was prepared for the WWC by Optimal Solutions Group under contract ED-05-CO-0026.

  • Diane F. Halpern (Chair)
    Claremont McKenna College
  • Joshua Aronson
    New York University
  • Nona Reimer
    John Malcom Elementary School, California; California State University, Fullerton
  • Sandra Simpkins
    Arizona State University
  • Jon R. Star
    Harvard University
  • Kathryn Wentzel
    University of Maryland, College Park

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