This study examined whether the Achievement Challenge Pilot Project, a performance-pay program for teachers, improved the academic achievement of elementary school students.
The study reported higher student test score gains for students in schools that implemented the performance-pay program than for students in schools without the program.
Winters, M., Greene, J. P., Ritter, G., & Marsh, R. (2008). The effect of performance-pay in Little Rock, Arkansas on student achievement (Working Paper 2008-02). Nashville, TN: Vanderbilt University, National Center on Performance Incentives.