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Milieu Teaching
Early Childhood Education for Children with Disabilities

Milieu teaching was found to have no discernible effects on communication/language competencies for preschool children with disabilities.

Milieu teaching is a practice that involves manipulating or arranging stimuli in a preschool child’s natural environment to create a setting that encourages them to engage in a targeted behavior. For example, a teacher might place a desirable toy in a setting to encourage a child to request that toy (where requesting a toy is the desired target behavior). Typically, milieu teaching involves four strategies that a teacher will utilize to encourage a child to demonstrate a target behavior: modeling, mand-modeling, incidental teaching, and time-delay. Through adult modeling and functional consequences associated with child requests, targeted language behaviors can be improved in children who may have language delays or disabilities.


study that met standards out of
eligible studies reviewed
Effectiveness Rating Grades Evidence Tier
Communication/ Language No discernible effects PK

Last Updated: April 2012

Delivery Method

whole class icon
Small Group


Note: This summary only includes data from studies that reported sample information. The Intervention Report may include evidence from other studies that met standards, but did not report sample information.

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