WWC review of this study

Improving student literacy in the Phoenix Union High School District 2003–04 and 2004–05: Final report. [READ 180 (Cohort 2) vs. business as usual]

White, R., Haslam, B. M., & Hewes, G. (2006). Policy Studies Associates. https://www.policystudies.com.

  • Quasi-Experimental Design
    , grade

Reviewed: November 2021

At least one finding shows moderate evidence of effectiveness
At least one statistically significant positive finding
Meets WWC standards with reservations
Measures of general reading proficiency and English Language Arts outcomes—Statistically significant positive effect found for the domain
Comparison Period Sample Intervention
Significant? Improvement

Terra Nova, 2nd Edition, Reading subscore

READ 180® vs. Unknown

0 Days

Cohort 2 (9th grade during the 2004-2005 academic year) ;
1,630 students





Evidence Tier rating based solely on this study. This intervention may achieve a higher tier when combined with the full body of evidence.

Characteristics of study sample as reported by study author.

  • 42% English language learners

  • Female: 49%
    Male: 52%

  • Urban
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  • Race
    Other or unknown
  • Ethnicity
    Not Hispanic or Latino    


The study took place in the Phoenix Union High School District in Arizona.

Study sample

The participants are ninth-grade students who were reading one or more grade level below their assigned grade level. The analytic sample varies with the outcome measure. Of the intervention group in Cohort 2, 40 percent were eligible for English learner services, 7 percent were eligible for special education services, 48 percent were female, and 84 percent were Hispanic. Of the comparison group in Cohort 2, 44 percent were eligible for English learner services, 10 percent were eligible for special education services, 49 percent were female, and 86 percent were Hispanic.

Intervention Group

The study examined the effectiveness of a reading intervention for students struggling with reading. The intervention group received the Scholastic’s READ 180 program, Version 1.6 for one year. The study provided no other information about the intervention.

Comparison Group

The study did not provide information on the comparison group, other than the comparison group students did not participate in READ 180.

Support for implementation

The study did not provide any on information about implementation support.


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This download will include data files for study and findings review data and a data dictionary.

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