Skip Navigation

Ask A REL Reference Desk

Ask A REL is a collaborative reference desk service provided by the ten Regional Educational Laboratories (RELs) and functions much in the same way as a technical reference library. It provides references, referrals, and brief responses in the form of citations on research-based education questions.

Do you have research questions about education policies, programs, and practices? We're here to help. Submit your question and our reference librarian will conduct a literature search and send you a personalized response.

Featured Responses to Questions from the Region

Characteristics of Effective Superintendents (October 2018)

Homework and Student Outcomes (November 2018)

Grouping for Reading Instruction (December 2018)


Responses Sorted by Topic

Below is a list of other readily available responses, sorted by topic, that we can email you upon request.

Responses below are available upon request

  • Chronic attendance and American Indian students
  • Engagement of American Indian/Alaska Native Parents and Families

Responses below are available upon request

  • School vouchers, charter schools, and federally-funded scholarships

Responses below are available upon request

  • College aspirations and the effect on achievement
  • Grouping in high school science classes
  • High school special education services
  • College and career advisors and coaches
  • Exit exams
  • Mastery learning
  • Grade promotion/acceleration

Responses below are available upon request

  • Class size
  • Integrating gifted programming in general education classes
  • Character education
  • Standards-based grading
  • Looping
  • Block schedules
  • Combined classrooms
  • Grade-span configuration

Responses below are available upon request

  • Elementary grading
  • SAT and ACT exam data
  • Assessment systems and practices

Responses below are available upon request

  • Social skills interventions for students with autism spectrum disorders
  • Drug and alcohol interventions
  • Teen youth court
  • Sexual harassment

Responses below are available upon request

  • Early childhood program evaluation tools
  • Interdisciplinary integration in primary grades
  • Effectiveness of preschool/prekindergarten programs
  • Pre-first grade classes
  • Social and emotional development in early childhood

Responses below are available upon request

  • High school credit requirements for graduation
  • Chronic absenteeism
  • Transition to high school

Responses below are available upon request

  • Teacher induction
  • Collective teacher efficacy
  • Job-embedded professional development

Responses below are available upon request

  • English learner teachers and special education
  • Universal screening for students with dyslexia and English learners

Responses below are available upon request

  • Fluency
  • Sight word instruction
  • Dual-credit writing courses
  • Summer slide of reading skills

Responses below are available upon request

  • Middle school math
  • Developmental math courses in college
  • Increasing STEM Access for girls and students of color
  • Girls-only STEM programs

Responses below are available upon request

  • Factors for online learning success
  • Online higher education instruction

Responses below are available upon request

  • Merging university programs
  • Adult high school diploma programs
  • Developmental mathematics courses in college

Responses below are available upon request

  • School leadership and student achievement

Responses below are available upon request

  • Teacher certification
  • "Grow Your Own" teachers

Responses below are available upon request

  • Bilingual and diverse teacher recruitment
  • Parent-teacher conferences

Responses below are available upon request

  • Student agency
  • Family/parent involvement
  • School-based health centers
  • Middle school start times
  • Unsupervised time at home
  • Superintendent turnover
  • Learned helplessness
  • Business partnerships

Jennifer Klump

REL Northwest's Reference Librarian
Jennifer Klump

To request assistance, research, or to obtain additional information, contact our reference librarian, Jennifer Klump, 800.547.6339, ext. 454, or via email.