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Ask A REL Reference Desk

Ask A REL is a collaborative reference desk service provided by the ten Regional Educational Laboratories (RELs) and functions much in the same way as a technical reference library. It provides references, referrals, and brief responses in the form of citations on research-based education questions.

Featured Responses to Questions from the Region

What does the research say about how Advanced Placement and dual enrollment or credit classes compare in terms of level of rigor, college credit, and helping to prepare students for college classes? (May 2018)

What does the research say about effective career development programs and curricula for elementary school students? (April 2018)

What does the research say about the effectiveness and implementation of restorative practices in schools? (March 2018)

What does the research say about the impact of a four-day school week on district expenditures and student achievement? (February 2018)

What does the research say about the relationship between physical activity and elementary students' behavior, self-regulation, and academic performance? (September 2017)


Other Available Responses Sorted by Topic

Below is a list of other readily available responses sorted by topic that Jennifer Klump, REL Northwest's reference librarian, will email you upon request. You can also email your specific question and she will conduct a literature search for the best available research and send you a personalized response.

  • Chronic attendance and American Indian students

Available upon request

  • Student mobility

Available upon request

  • School vouchers, charter schools, and federally-funded scholarships

Available upon request

  • College aspirations and the effect on achievement
  • Support for students in advanced courses
  • Grouping in high school science classes
  • High school special education services
  • College and career advisors and coaches
  • Career education in elementary school
  • Exit exams
  • Mastery learning
  • Grade promotion/acceleration

Available upon request

  • Class size
  • Integrating gifted programming in general education classes
  • Character education
  • Standards-based grading
  • Looping
  • Block schedules
  • Combined classrooms
  • Grade-span configuration
  • Physical activity in elementary classrooms

Available upon request

  • Elementary grading
  • SAT and ACT exam data
  • Assessment systems and practices

Available upon request

  • Restorative justice
  • Social skills interventions for students with autism spectrum disorders
  • Drug and alcohol interventions
  • Teen youth court
  • Sexual harassment

Available upon request

  • Early childhood program evaluation tools
  • Interdisciplinary integration in primary grades
  • Effectiveness of preschool/prekindergarten programs
  • Pre-first grade classes
  • Social and emotional development in early childhood

Available upon request

  • High school credit requirements for graduation
  • Chronic absenteeism
  • Transition to high school

Available upon request

  • Teacher induction
  • Collective teacher efficacy
  • Job-embedded professional development

Available upon request

  • English learner teachers and special education
  • Universal screening for students with dyslexia and English learners

Available upon request

  • Fluency
  • Sight word instruction
  • Dual-credit writing courses
  • Summer slide of reading skills

Available upon request

  • Middle school math
  • Developmental math courses in college
  • Increasing STEM Access for girls and students of color
  • Girls-only STEM programs

Available upon request

  • Factors for online learning success
  • Online higher education instruction

Available upon request

  • Merging university programs
  • Adult high school diploma programs
  • Developmental mathematics courses in college

Available upon request

  • School leadership and student achievement

Available upon request

  • School consolidation
  • Four-day school week

Available upon request

  • Teacher certification
  • "Grow Your Own" teachers

Available upon request

  • Bilingual and diverse teacher recruitment
  • Parent-teacher conferences

Available upon request

  • Student agency
  • Family/parent involvement
  • School-based health centers
  • Middle school start times
  • Unsupervised time at home
  • Superintendent turnover
  • Learned helplessness
  • Business partnerships

Available upon request


Jennifer Klump

REL Northwest's Reference Librarian
Jennifer Klump

To request assistance, research, or to obtain additional information, contact our reference librarian, Jennifer Klump, 800.547.6339, ext. 454, or via email.