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Reading First Impact Study: Interim Report
NCEE 2008-4016
April 2008

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Exhibit ES-1.  Baseline Characteristics of Relevant Groups of Reading First Schools for 2002-2003

Characteristic RF Schools in Study Sample RF Schools in Study Districts RF Schools in Study States RF Schools in U.S.
Male (%) 52.3 52.0 51.7 51.5
Race (%)
Asian 3.1 2.5 1.5 3.5
Black 35.6 41.1 26.4 30.5
Hispanic 26.7 28.6 37.1 34.8
White 34.2 27.4 34.3 28.6
American Indian/Alaskan 0.5 0.4 0.6 2.5
Free Lunch and Reduced Lunch (%) 74.4 75.0 67.8 73.2
Eligible for Title 1(%) 97.6 97.4 96.4 94.8
Locale (%)
Large City 39.2 39.8 26.7 26.8
Mid-size City 36.8 36.5 21.0 19.5
Othera 24.0 23.7 52.3 53.6
Total Number of Students 474.8 487.4 502.4 531.4
Number of Students in Grade 3 71.6 75.1 80.2 84.9
Student/Teacher Ratio 15.1 14.8 15.1 16.5
Third Grade Reading Performance
Deviation from State RF Mean
Proficiency Rate (%)b -1.3 -3.3 0.0 0.0
Number of Schoolsc 125 274 1,728 4,793
The RF study sample includes 128 schools from 18 sites (17 districts and 1 state) located in 13 states. The RF schools in Study Districts include all RF schools ranked and/or rated on the RF grant application for each of the 18 sites in the study. All RF schools in Study States include all RF schools in the 13 states included in the study. All RF schools nationally include all schools that received RF grants.
a Other Locale includes urban fringe of a large city, urban fringe of a mid-sized city, large town, small town, and rural.
b A school's proficiency score is defined as the percentage of third grade students (or fourth or fifth grade when third grade is unavailable) in the school that score at or above the state-defined proficiency threshold on the state's reading assessment. The values in this row represent the average percentage point deviation from the mean proficiency score for the Reading First schools in the state. By definition, for a given state the mean proficiency score for all Reading First schools in the state is the benchmark for comparison. Therefore, in the final two columns, the deviation from the benchmark within each state is zero and the average deviation across states is zero.
c Due to missing values for some variables, the number of schools included varies by characteristic.
Sources: Baseline characteristic data are from the Common Core of Data. RF school samples are defined based on information from the Southwest Educational Development Laboratory.