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Impact of Two Professional Development Interventions on Early Reading Instruction and Achievement

NCEE 2008-4030
September 2008

Figure E-2.  Effects of the PD Interventions on Teachers’ Use of Explicit Instruction, Independent Student Activity (ISA), and Differentiated Instruction (DI), Implementation Year Spring Sample
Figure E-2. Effects of the PD Interventions on Teachers
SOURCE: Early Reading PD Interventions Study Classroom Observations, Spring 2006. Covariate measures were taken from baseline RCPS and teacher background survey, 2005.
NOTE: *Indicates an impact estimate found to be statistically significant (p < .05).