Skip Navigation
Impact of Two Professional Development Interventions on Early Reading Instruction and Achievement

NCEE 2008-4030
September 2008

Figure E-3.  Effects of the PD Interventions on Standardized Student Total Reading Test Scores, Implementation Year Spring Sample
Figure E-3. Effects of the PD Interventions
SOURCE: Student records from each individual school district for 20032004 and 20042005 school years.
NOTE: There were no significant impacts on this outcome (all ps > .05).