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Impact of Two Professional Development Interventions on Early Reading Instruction and Achievement

NCEE 2008-4030
September 2008

Figure E-5.  Impact of the PD on Explicit Instruction, Independent Student Activity, and Differentiated Instruction: Implementation vs. Follow-Up Year
Figure E-5. Impact of the PD
SOURCE: Early Reading PD Interventions Study Classroom Observations, Spring and Fall 2006; Covariate measures were taken from baseline RCPS and teacher background survey, 2005 and 2006.
NOTES: *Indicates an impact estimate found to be statistically significant (p < .05).
+Indicates a statistically significant implementation year vs. follow-up year comparison (p < .05).