Figure 3. Parent Perceptions and Student Reports of Safety and an Orderly School Climate
**Statistically significant at the 99 percent confidence level.
NOTES: Parent perceptions are based on a ten-point scale; student reports are based on an eight-point scale. For parent perceptions, valid N = 1,423; parent survey weights were used; the ten-point index of indicators of school safety and an orderly environment includes the absence of property destruction, tardiness, truancy, fighting, cheating, racial conflict, weapons, drug distribution, drug/alcohol use, and teacher absenteeism. For student reports, valid N = 1,098; student survey weights were used; the survey was given to students in grades 4-12; the means represent the absence of incidents on an eight-item index for student reports of students being a victim of theft, drug-dealing, assaults, threats, bullying or taunting, or had observed weapons at school. Means are regression adjusted using a consistent set of baseline covariates.