The Study of School Turnaround (SST) is an examination of the implementation of School Improvement Grants (SIG) authorized under Title I section 1003(g) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA). SIG is funded through ESEA and has been supplemented by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA). This baseline report provides an overview of the state policies and practices for SIG implementation as well as a description of the first round of SIG awards made to Local Education Agencies (LEAs) and SIG-eligible schools. The report focuses on two key questions:
The report is divided into four sections, organized to mirror the flow of SIG funds as they are disbursed from the federal government to states and then from states to districts and schools. Accordingly, Section 2 provides an overview of the key elements of the SIG program. Section 3 provides an analysis of state SIG applications approved by the U.S. Department of Education (ED), focusing on the definition and identification of SIG-eligible schools, how states determine district capacity and how states are monitoring and supporting SIG implementation. Section 4 reviews descriptive data on the characteristics of SIG-eligible schools identified by states, as well as the characteristics of SIG-awarded schools. Section 5 concludes by synthesizing the key findings from the report.