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Kindergarten: Recommendation 4: Reading for Understanding
Support your child in reading accurately, at a conversational pace, and with expression so they understand what they read.
Accurate and Efficient Word Identification
As your child learns to read, it won't be long before he or she is reading sentences, paragraphs, and books! As your child practices reading out loud, it is important to help him or her read words accurately and quickly. When children read words accurately, it helps them understand what they are reading, and as children practice reading, they read words more efficiently by increasing accuracy and rate. When children can read words correctly and fairly quickly, they can focus their attention on understanding what they are reading instead of trying to identify each word.
There are two important things families can do to help their child read words correctly and quickly.
Read out loud to your child every day! Reading to your child can be a special time to spend together. It will show him or her that reading is important and fun! Reading aloud will help your child understand what reading should sound like and provides a model of how to read words accurately and with expression. Reading with the right expression means that you are talking like the characters in the book—your voice sounds excited when the character is excited or sad when the character is sad.
Encourage and help your child as he or she reads out loud. You might need to help your child when he or she comes to a word that is difficult to read. You might provide a reminder by saying, "Let's say each sound in this word and then put the sounds together to read it." Any reminder that encourages your child to use what he or she already knows to figure out the word can be helpful. Sometimes, showing your child how to say each sound and then reading the word may be helpful. As you help your child, remember to be patient because reading is a new skill that takes a lot of practice. Be sure to let your child know that you are proud of his or her progress! Providing support and encouragement will help your child improve in reading and become an independent reader.
When choosing books for your child to read out loud, select books that are of interest to your child, are not too easy or too hard, and are linked to his or her experiences or concerns. For example, if your child is interested in cars or is afraid of the dark, it can be helpful to select books on those topics.
Older brother reads with expression, changing his voice for each character.
Brothers laugh at silly parts of the book.
When I Read To You (Book!)
Key Points About the Video
Mom points out to her son the exclamation mark in the title of the book, and they talk about how to read the title, Book!
Mom and her son talk about the meaning of the word present.
Mom points to a picture and asks her son what he thinks it is and then restates his answer in a complete sentence: "The cat is attacking a blanket."
When You Read to Me (Cat Traps)
Key Points About the Video
Older brother points to each word that his younger brother does not read correctly and encourages him to "sound it out."
Older brother encourages his younger brother to point to the words as his younger brother reads and explains why it is important.
Older brother tells his younger brother that he did a great job reading the book.
Older brother asks his younger brother questions about the book to make sure his younger brother understood what he read.
When You Read to Me (This is a Peach)
Key Points About the Video
Mom reads the title of the book with her daughter.
When her daughter makes a mistake and corrects herself, Mom tells her, "I like the way you went back when you realized you didn't say the correct word here. I like the way you went back and fixed that. Nice job!"
A list of suggested books that you can read to your child to model reading words correctly, at a conversational pace, and with expression.
AH HA! by Jeff Mack
How Rocket Learned to Read by Tad Hills
It's Time for Bed by Mem Fox
Knuffle Bunny: A Cautionary Tale by Mo Williams
Guess How Much I Love You by Sam McBratney
My Name is Yoon by Helen Recorvits
Chicka Chicka Boom Boom by Bill Martin, Jr. and John Archambault
Recognizing Misread Words and Correcting Errors
Experienced readers know when what they are reading does not make sense because they have misread a word. Once they realize that they have misread a word, experienced readers can correct their mistake. Beginning readers don't always notice when they misread a word because they don't always pay attention to what they are reading. So, it is important to show children how to recognize misread words when they read. A reader should think about what he or she is reading and decide whether it makes sense or not, that is, self-monitor. We also need to show children how to self-correct when they misread a word. The ability to self-monitor and self-correct will help children understand what they read and become better readers.
Families can help children monitor what they read and make corrections when they misread words. As you read to your child, you can provide examples of how to recognize when words are misread by "thinking out loud." You can say things like, "That didn't make sense. I'm going to read that sentence again." When your child reads to you and misreads a word, ask her to stop and see if she can correct the error. If not, reread the sentence with the missed word exactly as your child read it and ask, "Did that make sense?" If your child does not self-correct, read the word and have her reread it. Then have her read the sentence correctly.
Oral reading practice is when children read out loud. As children read out loud, it is important to have a more proficient reader listen and offer help when needed. As children read out loud, they get better at reading words correctly, quickly, and with the right expression (fluently). Reading words quickly means reading them at the same pace at which we talk. When you read with the right expression, you understand what commas, periods, and question marks mean. Reading with expression shows that you understand what you read when, for example, your voice expresses excitement when a character is excited. When children read fluently, they can focus their attention on understanding what they read rather than trying to figure out how to read the words. The more children practice reading out loud with support, the better reader they will become!
There are many ways to support your child in oral reading practice. You can echo read and read together.
Echo reading means that you read part of a book out loud and then your child reads the same part out loud. Thus, your child echoes what you read. As you echo read with your child, make sure that he or she follows along while you read by looking at the words as you read them. Your child should point to the words as he or she reads the same thing you read. This is to make sure your child is paying attention to the words and not just repeating what you say.
Reading together means you and your child read the same thing out loud at the same time. When you read at the same time, make sure that your child follows along by having him or her point to each word. You can slow your pace of reading a little when you practice reading at the same time. Always offer positive encouragement, and let your child know how proud you are that he or she is practicing reading.
Mom reads with expression and encourages her son to point to the words as he reads.
Mom reminds her son to read the words, not just repeat what she reads.
When her son struggles with the word dump, Mom points to it and says the first sound, /d/.
Mom explains that honk is said louder than the other words because the letters in the printed word are larger than the other words.
Reading Together (Buzz Said the Bee)
Key Points About the Video
Mom points to the words as she and her son read together.
Mom slows the pace of reading a bit but reads as fluently as possible.
Mom describes to her son the meaning of the important words scat and weep.
Practice Reading Out Loud Bookmark Use this bookmark as a reminder of the importance of reading every day with children. One side of the bookmark describes echo reading and the other side describes reading together.
Books to Share
A list of suggested books to echo read with your child.
Brown Bear, Brown Bear, What Do You See? by Bill Martin and Eric Carle
The Very Hungry Caterpillar by Eric Carle
Bear Snores On by Karma Wilson
If You Give a Mouse a Cookie by Laura Numeroff
Caps for Sale by Esphyr Slobodkina
You Read to Me, I'll Read to You: Very Short Stories to Read Together by Mary Ann Hoberman
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