Reference Resources iconReview Protocols

What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) reviews in the Teacher Training, Evaluation, and Compensation topic area focus on interventions aimed at making teachers more effective at improving the academic achievement of students in grades PK–12. Interventions may include teacher preparation programs, teacher induction programs, teacher professional development programs, teacher evaluation systems, and teacher compensation systems. The populations on which these interventions focus are adults who are considering teaching, undergoing teacher preparation, or are already employed in the teaching profession. The review will focus on student achievement and those teacher-level outcomes that have been shown to be related to student achievement (e.g., teacher retention).

Systematic reviews of evidence in this topic area address the following questions:

  • Which teacher-focused interventions improve the academic achievement of students in grades PK–12?
  • Which teacher-focused interventions improve those teacher outcomes that are associated with student achievement?


Table of Contents

  • Purpose Statement
  • Key Definitions
  • Procedures for Conducting the Literature Search
  • Eligibility Criteria
  • Evidence Standards

Protocol Details

  • Version: 3.2
  • Released: July 2016

What is a Protocol?

A review protocol defines the scope of a systematic review. Developed with substantive experts, the protocol defines the parameters for the review, including the research, populations, settings, and outcomes. The protocol also specifies details of the literature search and any topic-specific applications of the design standards.

Protocol versions reflect the version of WWC standards in effect when the protocol was released. Protocol versions that predate the current version of the WWC standards handbook can be used to identify acceptable outcome domains for review within a given topic. The current WWC standards are used to guide the review of studies with acceptable outcomes.

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