The What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) review in this topic area focuses on adolescent literacy interventions for students in grades 4–12 (or ages 9–18) that are intended to increase literacy skills in alphabetics (phonemic awareness, phonological awareness, letter identification, print knowledge, and phonics), reading fluency, comprehension (vocabulary and reading comprehension), or general literacy achievement (general reading achievement). Systematic reviews of evidence in this topic area address the following questions:
• Among interventions intended to provide literacy instruction, which ones improve literacy skills among adolescents in grades 4–12 (or ages 9–18)?
• Are some interventions more effective than others for certain types of literacy skills?
• Are some interventions more effective for certain types of students, particularly students who have historically lagged behind in reading and/or literacy achievement?