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Early Intervention in Reading (EIR)®
Beginning Reading

EIR® was found to have potentially positive effects on alphabetics and comprehension.

Early Intervention in Reading (EIR)® is a program designed to provide extra instruction to groups of students at risk of failing to learn to read. The program uses picture books to stress instruction in phonemic awareness, phonics, and contextual analysis, along with repeated reading and writing. In grades K–2, the program includes whole-class instruction followed by small-group instruction for students who score low on oral reading and literacy skills. In grades 3 and 4, the program consists of small group instruction for 20 minutes, 4 days a week. Teachers are trained for 9 months using workshops and an Internet-based professional development program.


study that met standards out of
eligible studies reviewed
Effectiveness Rating Grades Evidence Tier
Alphabetics Potentially positive effects 1
Comprehension Potentially positive effects 1

Last Updated: November 2008

Delivery Method

whole class icon
Small Group


Note: This summary only includes data from studies that reported sample information. The Intervention Report may include evidence from other studies that met standards, but did not report sample information.

Related Resources

This intervention report was prepared for the WWC by Mathematica under contract ED-07-CO-0062.

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