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Reciprocal Teaching
Adolescent Literacy

Reciprocal teaching was found to have mixed effects on comprehension for adolescent learners.

Reciprocal teaching is an interactive instructional practice that aims to improve students’ reading comprehension by teaching strategies to obtain meaning from a text. The teacher and students take turns leading a dialogue regarding segments of the text. Students discuss with their teacher how to apply four comprehension strategies—generating questions, summarizing, clarifying, and predicting—to passages of text. During the early stages of reciprocal teaching, the teacher assumes primary responsibility for modeling how to use these strategies. As students become more familiar with the strategies, there is a gradual shift toward student responsibility for talking through the application of the strategies to the text.

Findings

6
studies that met standards out of
33
eligible studies reviewed
Outcome Domain Effectiveness Rating Grades Improvement Index
Comprehension Mixed effects 4-12 --

Last Updated: September 2010

Race

Asian
81%
Native American
19%
Pacific Islander
14%

Ethnicity

Not Hispanic
100%

Gender

Male: 56%
Female: 44%

Free & Reduced-Price Lunch

100%

Delivery Method

whole class icon
Small Group

Urbanicity

Rural
Urban

Locations

SC, AK, CA
Midwest, South, West
Note: This summary only includes data from studies that reported sample information. The Intervention Report may include evidence from other studies that met standards, but did not report sample information.


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