WWC Summary of Evidence for this Intervention

Phonological Awareness Training plus Letter Knowledge Training

Phonological Awareness Training plus Letter Knowledge Training is a general practice aimed at enhancing young children’s phonological awareness, print awareness, and early reading abilities. Phonological awareness, the ability to detect or manipulate the sounds in words independent of meaning, is considered to be a precursor to reading. Phonological awareness training (without letter knowledge training) can involve various training activities that focus on teaching children to identify, detect, delete, segment, or blend segments of spoken words (i.e., words, syllables, onsets and rimes, phonemes) or that focus on teaching children to detect, identify, or produce rhyme or alliteration. The added letter knowledge training component includes teaching children the letters of the alphabet and making an explicit link between letters and sounds.

Reviewed Research

December 2006
 
Outcome
domain
Effectiveness
rating
Studies meeting standards Grades
examined
Students Improvement
index
Cognition No discernible effects 1 study meets standards PK 129 --
Pietrangelo, D. J. (1999) PK 129 --
Early reading/writing Potentially positive effects 3 studies meet standards PK 234
 
 
19
Gettinger, M. (1986) PK 72
 
 
31
Pietrangelo, D. J. (1999) PK 129 --
Roberts, T., & Neal, H. (2004) PK 33
 
 
20
Oral language Potentially negative effects 2 studies meet standards PK 162
 
-13
 
Pietrangelo, D. J. (1999) PK 129 --
Roberts, T., & Neal, H. (2004) PK 33
-27
 
 
Phonological processing Positive effects 3 studies meet standards PK 234
 
 
30
Gettinger, M. (1986) PK 72
 
 
48
Pietrangelo, D. J. (1999) PK 129
 
 
16
Roberts, T., & Neal, H. (2004) PK 33 --
Print knowledge Positive effects 3 studies meet standards PK 234
 
 
27
Gettinger, M. (1986) PK 72
 
 
40
Pietrangelo, D. J. (1999) PK 129 --
Roberts, T., & Neal, H. (2004) PK 33
 
 
29

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