Ladders to Literacy was found to have potentially negative effects on oral language and no discernible effects on print knowledge, phonological processing, and math for preschool children.
A summary of the effectiveness of an intervention in an outcome domain, based on the quality of research, the statistical significance of findings, the magnitude of findings, and the consistency of findings across studies.
Positive: strong evidence that intervention had a positive effect on outcomes.
Potentially Positive: evidence that intervention had a positive effect on outcomes with no overriding contrary evidence.
Mixed: evidence that intervention’s effect on outcomes is inconsistent.
No Discernible: no evidence that intervention had an effect on outcomes.
Potentially Negative: evidence that intervention had a negative effect on outcomes with no overriding contrary evidence.
Negative: strong evidence that intervention had a negative effect on outcomes.
For more, please see the WWC Glossary entry for rating of effectiveness.
The percent of each characteristic is based on the sample size of all studies meeting standards that reported data on the characteristic.
Percentages below may not add to 100 percent.
|Outcome Domain||Effectiveness Rating||Grades||Evidence Tier|
|General Mathematics Achievement||PK|
Last Updated: March 2013
|Other or unknown||17%|
|Not Hispanic or Latino||74%|
This intervention report was prepared for the WWC by Mathematica under contract ED-IES-13-C-0010.