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Reading Recovery®
Beginning Reading

Reading Recovery® was found to have positive effects on general reading achievement and potentially positive effects on alphabetics, reading fluency, and comprehension for beginning readers.

Reading Recovery® is a short-term tutoring intervention that provides one-on-one tutoring to first-grade students who are struggling in reading and writing. The goals of Reading Recovery® include promoting literacy skills, reducing the number of students who are struggling to read, and preventing long-term reading difficulties. Reading Recovery® supplements classroom teaching with tutoring sessions, generally conducted as pull-out sessions during the school day. Tutoring is delivered by trained Reading Recovery teachers in daily 30-minute sessions over the course of 12–20 weeks.

Findings

3
studies that met standards out of
79
eligible studies reviewed
Outcome Domain Effectiveness Rating Grades Improvement Index
Alphabetics Positive effects 1
 
 
21
Comprehension Potentially positive effects 1
 
 
14
Reading achievement Positive effects 1
 
 
27
Reading fluency Potentially positive effects 1
 
 
46

Last Updated: July 2013

Race

Asian
1%
Black
30%
White
53%

Ethnicity

Hispanic
12%
Not Hispanic
88%

Gender

Male: 56%
Female: 43%

Free & Reduced-Price Lunch

65%

Delivery Method

whole class icon
Individual

Urbanicity

Rural
Suburban
Urban

Locations

OH
Midwest


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