Taking early action may be key to helping students struggling with mathematics. The eight recommendations in this guide are designed to help teachers, principals, and administrators use Response to Intervention for the early detection, prevention, and support of students struggling with mathematics.
Screen all students to identify those at risk for potential mathematics difficulties and provide interventions to students identified as at risk.
Instructional materials for students receiving interventions should focus intensely on in-depth treatment of whole numbers in kindergarten through grade 5 and on rational numbers in grades 4 through 8.
Intervention materials should include opportunities for students to work with visual representations of mathematical ideas and interventionists should be proficient in the use of visual representations of mathematical ideas.
This practice guide was prepared for the WWC by Mathematica under contract ED-07-CO-0062.
The following research staff contributed to the guide:
Shannon Monahan, Libby Scott, and Jamila Henderson.
These videos were prepared by WestEd under the Doing What Works Contract (ED-PEP-11-C-0068).
All videos are based on recommendations from the WWC practice guides and are designed to complement the guides.
Russell Gersten (Chair)
Instructional Research Group
Play an interview of Panel Chair, Russell Gersten, and Sharon Vaughn: RtI and Special Education (7:13 minutes)
This webinar presents research-based approaches to assisting students who are struggling in math. It focuses on recommendations from the What Works Clearinghouse practice guide Assisting Students Stru...
REL Appalachia hosted a webinar focused on equipping elementary and middle school mathematics teachers and curriculum coaches with: 1) research-based recommendations (approved by the U.S. Department o...
These protocols guided the reviews of research that informed the recommendations contained in the What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) practice guides Assisting Students Struggling with Mathematics: Response to Intervention (RtI) for Elementary and Middle Schools, published in April 2009, and Assisting Students Struggling with Mathematics: Intervention in the Elementary Grades, expected to be published in early 2021.