Practice Guide iconPractice Guide
Released: April 2015
(Revised January 2019)

PDF (10.8 MB)
This practice guide provides three recommendations for teaching algebra to students in middle school and high school. Each recommendation includes implementation steps and solutions for common roadblocks. The recommendations also summarize and rate supporting evidence. This guide is geared toward teachers, administrators, and other educators who want to improve their students’ algebra knowledge.

Use solved problems to engage students in analyzing algebraic reasoning and strategies.

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Teach students to utilize the structure of algebraic representations.

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Teach students to intentionally choose from alternative algebraic strategies when solving problems.

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Education Levels:
  • Middle Grades
  • High School
  • Administrators
  • Researchers
  • School Specialist
  • Teacher

This practice guide was prepared for the WWC by Mathematica under contract ED-IES-13-C-0010.

The following research staff contributed to the guide: Pia Caronongan, Joshua Furgeson, Betsy Keating, and Julia Lyskawa.

  • Jon R. Star (Chair)
    Harvard University
  • Anne Foegen
    Iowa State University
  • Matthew R. Larson
    Lincoln Public Schools
  • William G. McCallum
    University of Arizona
  • Jane Porath
    Traverse City Area Public Schools
  • Rose Mary Zbiek
    Pennsylvania State University

The practice guide is accompanied by a practice guide summary and companion videos. The guide is also available in e-book format. Click below to access any of the available resources.

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