This practice guide presents three evidence-based recommendations for helping students in grades 6–12 develop effective writing skills. Each recommendation includes specific, actionable guidance for educators on implementing practices in their classrooms. The guide also summarizes and rates the evidence supporting each recommendation, describes examples to use in class, and offers the panel’s advice on how to overcome potential implementation obstacles. This guide is geared towards administrators and teachers in all disciplines who want to help improve their students’ writing.
Explicitly teach appropriate writing strategies using a Model-Practice-Reflect instructional cycle.
Use assessments of student writing to inform instruction and feedback.
This practice guide was prepared for the WWC by Mathematica under contract ED-IES-13-C-0010.
The following research staff contributed to the guide:
Julie Bruch, Joshua Furgeson, Julia Lyskawa, and Claire Smither Wulsin.
Arizona State University
The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill/MetaMetrics
Linda D. Friedrich
The National Writing Project
Forsyth County Schools, Georgia
James S. Kim
Carol Booth Olson
University of California, Irvine