Practice Guide iconPractice Guide
Released: March 2021
PDF (1.9 MB)
This practice guide provides evidence-based practices that can help teachers tailor their instructional approaches and/or their mathematics intervention programs to meet the needs of their students.
Systematic Instruction: Provide systematic instruction during intervention to develop student understanding of mathematical ideas.
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Mathematical Language: Teach clear and concise mathematical language and support students’ use of the language to help students effectively communicate their understanding of mathematical concepts.
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Representations: Use a well-chosen set of concrete and semi-concrete representations to support students’ learning of mathematical concepts and procedures.
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Number Lines: Use the number line to facilitate the learning of mathematical concepts and procedures, build understanding of grade-level material, and prepare students for advanced mathematics.
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Word Problems: Provide deliberate instruction on word problems to deepen students’ mathematical understanding and support their capacity to apply mathematical ideas.
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Timed Activities: Regularly include timed activities as one way to build fluency in mathematics.
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Education Levels:
  • Elementary
  • Administrators
  • Parent/Family
  • Researchers
  • School Specialist
  • Teacher
  • Faculty

This practice guide was prepared for the WWC by Instructional Research Group under contract 91990018F0375 (GRAPE T1).

The following research staff contributed to the guide: Madhavi Jayanthi, Russell Gersten, Rebecca Newman-Gonchar, Robin Schumacher, Kelly Haymond, Julia Lyskawa, Betsy Keating, and Seth Morgan.

  • Lynn S. Fuchs (Chair)
    Vanderbilt University
  • Nicole Bucka
    Bridging Research, Implementation, & Data to Guide Educators in Rhode Island (Bridge-RI)
  • Ben Clarke
    University of Oregon
  • Barbara Dougherty
    Curriculum Research & Development Group, University of Hawai’i
  • Nancy C. Jordan
    University of Delaware
  • Karen S. Karp
    Johns Hopkins University
  • John Woodward
    University of Puget Sound

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