WWC review of this study

Toward reduced poverty across generations: Early findings from New York City's conditional cash transfer program.

Riccio, J., Dechausay, N., Greenberg, D., Miller, C., Rucks, Z., & Verma, N. (2010). New York, NY: MDRC. Retrieved from: https://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED517881

  • Randomized controlled trial
     examining 
    3,692
     Students
    , grades
    PK-12

Reviewed: September 2010

At least one statistically significant positive finding
Meets WWC standards without reservations
Academic achievement outcomes—Indeterminate effects found
Outcome
measure
Comparison Period Sample Intervention
mean
Comparison
mean
Significant? Improvement
    index
Evidence
tier

% Proficient Math

Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards Program vs. None

Year 2

Grades 2-5;
student

0.79

0.76

No

--
More Outcomes

% Proficient Math

Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards Program vs. None

Year 1

Grades 3-5;
student

0.73

0.71

Yes

 
 
3

% Proficient English Language Arts (ELA)

Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards Program vs. None

Year 2

Grades 2-5;
student

0.63

0.62

Yes

 
 
2

% Proficient English Language Arts (ELA)

Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards Program vs. None

Year 2

Grades 6-8;
2,581 students

0.51

0.49

No

--

% Proficient Math

Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards Program vs. None

Year 1

Grades 6-8;
2,581 students

0.59

0.57

No

--

English Language Arts (ELA) scale score

Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards Program vs. None

Year 1

Grades 3-5;
student

647.50

646.60

Yes

 
 
1

English Language Arts (ELA) scale score

Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards Program vs. None

Year 1

Grades 2-5;
student

658.10

657.40

Yes

 
 
1

Math scale score

Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards Program vs. None

Year 1

Grades 3-5;
student

668.40

667.60

Yes

 
 
1

Math scale score

Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards Program vs. None

Year 2

Grades 2-5;
student

673.50

672.90

Yes

 
 
1

% Proficient English Language Arts (ELA)

Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards Program vs. None

Year 1

Grades 6-8;
2,581 students

0.45

0.44

No

--

% Proficient English Language Arts (ELA)

Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards Program vs. None

Year 1

Grades 3-5;
student

0.50

0.50

Yes

 
 
0

Math scale score

Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards Program vs. None

Year 1

Grades 6-8;
2,581 students

653.10

653.20

No

--

English Language Arts (ELA) scale score

Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards Program vs. None

Year 2

Grades 6-8;
2,581 students

647.60

648.00

No

--

% Proficient Math

Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards Program vs. None

Year 2

Grades 6-8;
2,581 students

0.64

0.66

No

--

English Language Arts (ELA) scale score

Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards Program vs. None

Year 1

Grades 6-8;
2,581 students

644.90

646.00

No

--

Math scale score

Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards Program vs. None

Year 2

Grades 6-8;
2,581 students

659.10

660.60

No

--
Access and enrollment outcomes—Statistically significant positive effects found
Outcome
measure
Comparison Period Sample Intervention
mean
Comparison
mean
Significant? Improvement
    index
Evidence
tier

Attendance rate 95% or higher

Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards Program vs. None

Year 1

Grades K-5;
3,692 students

0.44

0.41

Yes

 
 
6
More Outcomes

Attendance rate 95% or higher

Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards Program vs. None

Year 2

Grades K-5;
3,692 students

0.43

0.39

No

--

Attendance rate 95% or higher

Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards Program vs. None

Year 2

Grades 6-8;
2,581 students

0.36

0.32

No

--

Attendance rate 95% or higher

Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards Program vs. None

Year 1

Grades 9-12;
3,077 students

0.31

0.28

No

--

Attendance rate 95% or higher

Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards Program vs. None

Year 2

Grades 9-12;
3,077 students

0.26

0.23

No

--

Attendance rate

Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards Program vs. None

Year 1

Grades K-5;
3,692 students

0.92

0.91

No

--

Attendance rate

Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards Program vs. None

Year 1

Grades 6-8;
2,581 students

0.91

0.90

No

--

Attendance rate 95% or higher

Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards Program vs. None

Year 1

Grades 6-8;
2,581 students

0.42

0.40

No

--

Attendance rate

Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards Program vs. None

Year 1

Grades 9-12;
3,077 students

0.81

0.83

No

--

Attendance rate

Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards Program vs. None

Year 2

Grades 9-12;
3,077 students

0.74

0.73

No

--

Attendance rate

Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards Program vs. None

Year 2

Grades K-5;
3,692 students

0.89

0.89

No

--

Attendance rate

Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards Program vs. None

Year 2

Grades 6-8;
2,581 students

0.86

0.86

No

--
Completing school outcomes—Statistically significant positive effects found
Outcome
measure
Comparison Period Sample Intervention
mean
Comparison
mean
Significant? Improvement
    index
Evidence
tier

Graduation

Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards Program vs. None

Year 1

Grade 11;
297 students

0.67

0.58

No

--
More Outcomes

Graduation

Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards Program vs. None

Years 1 and 2

Grade 12;
264 students

0.86

0.81

No

--

Graduation

Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards Program vs. None

Year 2

Grade 12;
264 students

0.13

0.11

No

--

Graduation

Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards Program vs. None

Year 1

Grade 12;
264 students

0.74

0.71

No

--
Credit accumulation and persistence outcomes—Statistically significant positive effects found
Outcome
measure
Comparison Period Sample Intervention
mean
Comparison
mean
Significant? Improvement
    index
Evidence
tier

Attempted 11+ credits

Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards Program vs. None

Year 1

Grades 9-12;
3,077 students

0.85

0.82

No

--
More Outcomes

Attempted 11+ credits

Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards Program vs. None

Year 2

Grades 9-12;
3,077 students

0.76

0.74

No

--

Earned 11+ credits

Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards Program vs. None

Year 1

Grades 9-12;
3,077 students

0.50

0.49

No

--

Earned 22+ credits

Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards Program vs. None

Years 1 and 2

Grades 9-12;
3,077 students

0.45

0.45

No

--

Earned 11+ credits

Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards Program vs. None

Year 2

Grades 9-12;
3,077 students

0.45

0.46

No

--
Progressing in school outcomes—Statistically significant positive effects found
Outcome
measure
Comparison Period Sample Intervention
mean
Comparison
mean
Significant? Improvement
    index
Evidence
tier

Took at least 1 Regents exam

Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards Program vs. None

Year 1

Grades 9-12;
3,077 students

0.70

0.65

Yes

 
 
6
More Outcomes

Passed at least 1 Regents exam

Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards Program vs. None

Year 1

Grades 9-12;
3,077 students

0.42

0.38

No

--

Took at least 1 Regents exam

Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards Program vs. None

Years 1 and 2

Grades 9-12;
2,813 students

0.81

0.78

No

--

Took at least 1 Regents exam

Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards Program vs. None

Year 2

Grades 9-12;
2,813 students

0.69

0.67

No

--

Passed at least 1 Regents exam

Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards Program vs. None

Years 1 and 2

Grades 9-12;
2,813 students

0.57

0.56

No

--

Passed at least 2 Regents exam

Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards Program vs. None

Years 1 and 2

Grades 9-12;
2,813 students

0.42

0.41

No

--

Passed at least 1 Regents exam

Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards Program vs. None

Year 2

Grades 9-12;
2,813 students

0.45

0.44

No

--


Evidence Tier rating based solely on this study. This intervention may achieve a higher tier when combined with the full body of evidence.

Characteristics of study sample as reported by study author.


  • Female: 50%
    Male: 50%

  • Urban
    • B
    • A
    • C
    • D
    • E
    • F
    • G
    • I
    • H
    • J
    • K
    • L
    • P
    • M
    • N
    • O
    • Q
    • R
    • S
    • V
    • U
    • T
    • W
    • X
    • Z
    • Y
    • a
    • h
    • i
    • b
    • d
    • e
    • f
    • c
    • g
    • j
    • k
    • l
    • m
    • n
    • o
    • p
    • q
    • r
    • s
    • t
    • u
    • x
    • w
    • y

    New York
  • Race
    Black
    50%
    Other or unknown
    2%
    White
    0%
  • Ethnicity
    Hispanic    
    47%
    Not Hispanic or Latino    
    53%
 

Your export should download shortly as a zip archive.

This download will include data files for study and findings review data and a data dictionary.

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