WWC review of this study

The effects of test preparation activities on ACT assessment scores [Experiment 2].

Scholes, R. J., & Lain, M. M. (1997, March). Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Chicago, IL. Retrieved from: https://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED409341

  • Quasi-Experimental Design
     examining 
    64,567
     Students
    , grades
    11-12
No statistically significant positive
findings
Meets WWC standards with reservations

Reviewed: October 2016

General academic achievement (high school) outcomes—Indeterminate effects found
Outcome
measure
Comparison Period Sample Intervention
mean
Comparison
mean
Significant? Improvement
index

ACT Composite

ACT/SAT Test Preparation and Coaching Programs vs. Business as usual

0 Days

Full sample;
64,567 students

21.3

21.2

No

--

Characteristics of study sample as reported by study author.


  • Female: 57%
    Male: 43%
  • Race
    Black
    10%
    White
    77%

Setting

The students in this study were high school juniors and seniors who lived in the United States. They were selected from students who had taken the ACT assessment more than once between October 1, 1994 and September 20, 1995.

Study sample

The total sample included 64,567 students, 3,071 in the intervention group and 61,496 in the comparison group. There were 36% males, 64% females, 46% high school juniors, and 52% high school seniors in the intervention group, and 43% males, 57% females, and 37% high school juniors in the comparison group. Of those in the intervention group, 74% were White, 13% were Black, and 10% had a family income of less than $18,000. Of those in the comparison group, 77% were White, 10% were Black, and 12% had a family income of less than $18,000.

Intervention Group

The intervention group participated in a test preparation course. Test preparation consisted of activities that include components such as drills with feedback, familiarization with the test, test-taking strategies, and subject matter review.

Comparison Group

The comparison group reported that they did not participate in any test preparation courses or any type of test preparation.

Support for implementation

No information was provided regarding support for implementation.

 

Your export should download shortly as a zip archive.

This download will include data files for study and findings review data and a data dictionary.

Connect With the WWC

loading
back to top