WWC review of this study

Online mathematics homework increases student achievement

Jeremy Roschelle, Mingyu Feng, Robert F. Murphy, Craig A. Mason (2016). AERA Open

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
     examining 
    2,728
     Students
    , grade
    7
At least one finding shows strong evidence of effectiveness
At least one statistically significant positive finding
Meets WWC standards without reservations

Reviewed: March 2019

General Mathematics Achievement outcomes—Statistically significant positive effects found
Outcome
measure
Comparison Period Sample Intervention
mean
Comparison
mean
Significant? Improvement
    index
ESSA
rating

TerraNova common Core assessment mathematics test

ASSISTments vs. Business as usual

0 Days

Full sample;
2,728 students

691.22

682.66

Yes

 
 
7
 

Characteristics of study sample as reported by study author.


  • 39% Free or reduced price lunch

  • Female: 51%
    Male: 49%
  • Race
    Asian
    2%
    Black
    2%
    Not specified
    2%
    White
    93%
  • Ethnicity
    Hispanic
    2%
    Not Hispanic
    98%
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    Maine

Setting

The study took place in seventh-grade classrooms in 43 schools in Maine (p. 4).

Study sample

The sample was about half (49 percent) male, and primarily white (93 percent). Black, Hispanic, and Asian students each made up about 2 percent of the sample. About 39 percent of the sample qualified for the free- or reduced-price meal program, while 12 percent were special education students (p. 5).

Intervention Group

The intervention tested was ASSISTments, a web-based platform for mathematics homework and related teacher training. The web-based platform is used by students to complete their math homework. It provides students with feedback and guidance, and provides teachers with reports on student performance and commonly missed questions. For this study, the ASSISTments software was loaded with all homework problems from all textbooks in use among intervention schools, as well as math extension activities called "skill builders" covering more than 300 topics appropriate to seventh grade math (pp. 2-4).

Comparison Group

The comparison condition was business-as-usual mathematics homework practices (p. 5).

Support for implementation

Teachers received professional development in using ASSISTments that covered practices such as encouraging students to correct mistakes on questions they missed, reviewing correct solution methods for the problems that students struggled with, and talking about commonly missed questions. Teachers also had one year to learn ASSISTments before delivering it to students in the study (pp. 3, 5).

 

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This download will include data files for study and findings review data and a data dictionary.

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