WWC review of this study

College as a job advancement strategy: Final report on the New Visions Self-Sufficiency and Lifelong Learning Project.

Fein, D. J., & Beecroft, E. (2006). Abt Associates.

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
     examining 
    1,043
     Students
    , grade
    PS

Reviewed: January 2020

No statistically significant positive
findings
Meets WWC standards without reservations
Credit accumulation outcomes—Statistically significant negative effects found
Outcome
measure
Comparison Period Sample Intervention
mean
Comparison
mean
Significant? Improvement
    index
Evidence
tier

Community college credit accumulation

The New Vision Program vs. Business as usual

0 Days

Full sample;
1,043 students

3.70

2.20

Yes

--
More Outcomes
Show Supplemental Findings

College Credits Earned - Excluding New Visions

The New Vision Program vs. Business as usual

0 Days

Full sample;
1,043 students

3.30

2.60

No

--

College Credits Earned - Including New Visions

The New Vision Program vs. Business as usual

0 Days

Full sample;
1,043 students

7.30

2.60

Yes

--
Medium-Term Earnings outcomes—Indeterminate effects found
Outcome
measure
Comparison Period Sample Intervention
mean
Comparison
mean
Significant? Improvement
    index
Evidence
tier

Average Total Earnings - Year 3 (half)

The New Vision Program vs. Business as usual

18 Months

Full sample;
1,043 students

3761.00

4295.00

No

--
More Outcomes
Show Supplemental Findings

Average Total Earnings - Years 1 - 2.5

The New Vision Program vs. Business as usual

18 Months

Full sample;
1,043 students

17244.00

19545.00

Yes

--
Medium-Term Employment outcomes—Indeterminate effects found
Outcome
measure
Comparison Period Sample Intervention
mean
Comparison
mean
Significant? Improvement
    index
Evidence
tier

Average Quarterly Employment Rate - Year 3 (first half)

The New Vision Program vs. Business as usual

18 Months

Full sample;
1,043 students

60.10

63.30

No

--
Postsecondary degree attainment outcomes—Substantively important positive effects found
Outcome
measure
Comparison Period Sample Intervention
mean
Comparison
mean
Significant? Improvement
    index
Evidence
tier

postsecondary degree attainment

The New Vision Program vs. Business as usual

0 Days

Full sample;
1,043 students

2.20

1.40

No

--
Short-Term Earnings outcomes—Indeterminate effects found
Outcome
measure
Comparison Period Sample Intervention
mean
Comparison
mean
Significant? Improvement
    index
Evidence
tier

Average Total Earnings - Year 1

The New Vision Program vs. Business as usual

0 Days

Full sample;
1,043 students

6335.00

6909.00

No

--
More Outcomes
Show Supplemental Findings

Average Total Earnings - Year 2

The New Vision Program vs. Business as usual

12 Months

Full sample;
1,043 students

7148.00

8341.00

Yes

--
Short-Term Employment outcomes—Indeterminate effects found
Outcome
measure
Comparison Period Sample Intervention
mean
Comparison
mean
Significant? Improvement
    index
Evidence
tier

Average Quarterly Employment Rate - Year 1

The New Vision Program vs. Business as usual

0 Days

Full sample;
1,043 students

71.80

72.60

No

--
More Outcomes
Show Supplemental Findings

Average Quarterly Employment Rate - Year 2

The New Vision Program vs. Business as usual

12 Months

Full sample;
1,043 students

61.30

65.50

No

--


Evidence Tier rating based solely on this study. This intervention may achieve a higher tier when combined with the full body of evidence.

Characteristics of study sample as reported by study author.


  • Female: 94%
    Male: 6%

  • Urban
    • B
    • A
    • C
    • D
    • E
    • F
    • G
    • I
    • H
    • J
    • K
    • L
    • P
    • M
    • N
    • O
    • Q
    • R
    • S
    • V
    • U
    • T
    • W
    • X
    • Z
    • Y
    • a
    • h
    • i
    • b
    • d
    • e
    • f
    • c
    • g
    • j
    • k
    • l
    • m
    • n
    • o
    • p
    • q
    • r
    • s
    • t
    • u
    • x
    • w
    • y

    California
  • Race
    Black
    31%
    Other or unknown
    5%
    White
    34%
  • Ethnicity
    Hispanic    
    31%

Setting

In August 1998, the Riverside Community College (RCC) and Department of Public Social Services (DPSS) collaborated to implement the New Visions program. The program served 1043 young adults with a high school diploma or equivalent preparation, who had access to classrooms, offices, and computer laboratory on the college’s main Riverside City campus. The program provided 24 weeks of preparatory studies at RCC, followed by short sequences of regular college courses providing training for a specific job. New Visions participants attended classes for 12 hours a week, in addition to working at least 20 hours a week in an unsubsidized job.

Study sample

Demographically, White (33.6 percent), Black (31.2 percent), and Hispanic (30.8 percent) students accounted for similar shares of the sample. A majority of members in the sample earned a high school diploma (71 percent) or its equivalent (21 percent). Less than half (41 percent) reported some prior college experience, less than one-third reported having been enrolled at the college previously, and 18 percent reported having completed at least one course. The majority (94 percent) were female, many (45 percent) had children under age three, and 35 percent had three or more children. A majority (53 percent) had never married, and only 11 percent were living with a spouse. Nearly half the sample had received welfare for three or more of the five years before random assignment. A majority (87 percent) were working, and only four percent said they had not worked at all in the past two years. A substantial proportion (43 percent) reported working 30 hours a week or more in their current or last job. Average hourly wages were $6.42, and less than one in five respondents reported earning $8 or more an hour.

Intervention Group

The New Visions program was designed to embody state-of-the-art instructional innovations in its core courses, provided intensive counseling and supportive services, and created a highly supportive learning community. The program provided 24 weeks of preparatory studies at RCC, followed by short sequences of regular college courses providing training for a specific job. New Visions participants attended classes for 12 hours a week, in addition to working at least 20 hours a week in an unsubsidized job. The program was implemented in three phases. In Phase 1, DPSS employment service counselors help participants find unsubsidized jobs providing at least 20 hours of work per week. In Phase 2, case managers encourage participants to enroll in one of a variety of employment and training programs available in the community. Participants were required--consistent with TANF policies--to spend a total of at least 32 hours per week (35 hours for two-parent cases) in work and training activities. In Phase 3, the program offered extended services to support job retention and advancement after participants exit the welfare rolls.

Comparison Group

Their control group counterparts were not allowed to participate in New Visions but were encouraged to participate in other education and training activities offered in the community and college courses offered by Riverside that were part of the New Visions program.

Support for implementation

None described.

 

Your export should download shortly as a zip archive.

This download will include data files for study and findings review data and a data dictionary.

Connect With the WWC

loading
back to top