WWC review of this study

Bridging the gap: An impact study of eight developmental summer bridge programs in Texas.

Barnett, E. A., Bork, R. H., Mayer, A. K., Pretlow, J., Wathington, H. D., & Weiss, M. J. (2012). New York: National Center for Postsecondary Education. Retrieved from: https://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED539188

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
     examining 
    1,318
     Students
    , grade
    PS
No statistically significant positive
findings
Meets WWC standards without reservations

Reviewed: February 2016

Academic achievement outcomes—Indeterminate effects found
Outcome
measure
Comparison Period Sample Intervention
mean
Comparison
mean
Significant? Improvement
index

Student had passed first college-level math course

Summer Bridge Programs vs. Business as usual

Two years post random assignment

Full sample;
1,318 students

0.47

0.43

No

--
More Outcomes

Student had passed first college-level writing course

Summer Bridge Programs vs. Business as usual

Two years post random assignment

Full sample;
1,318 students

0.72

0.68

No

--

Student had passed first college-level reading course

Summer Bridge Programs vs. Business as usual

Two years post random assignment

Full sample;
1,318 students

0.73

0.72

No

--
Credit accumulation and persistence outcomes—Indeterminate effects found
Outcome
measure
Comparison Period Sample Intervention
mean
Comparison
mean
Significant? Improvement
index

College level credits attempted

Summer Bridge Programs vs. Business as usual

Two years post random assignment

Full sample;
1,318 students

24.2

23.5

No

--
More Outcomes

Ratio of college level credits earned to attempted

Summer Bridge Programs vs. Business as usual

Two years post random assignment

Full sample;
1,318 students

0.66

0.68

No

--

Semesters registered

Summer Bridge Programs vs. Business as usual

Two years post random assignment

Full sample;
1,318 students

3.3

3.4

No

--

Characteristics of study sample as reported by study author.

  • Race
    Black
    7%
    White
    9%
  • Ethnicity
    Hispanic
    84%
    Not Hispanic
    16%
    • B
    • A
    • C
    • D
    • E
    • F
    • G
    • I
    • H
    • J
    • K
    • L
    • P
    • M
    • N
    • O
    • Q
    • R
    • S
    • V
    • U
    • T
    • W
    • X
    • Z
    • Y
    • a
    • h
    • i
    • b
    • d
    • e
    • f
    • c
    • g
    • j
    • k
    • l
    • m
    • n
    • o
    • p
    • q
    • r
    • s
    • t
    • u
    • x
    • w
    • y

    Texas
No statistically significant positive
findings
Meets WWC standards without reservations

Reviewed: March 2015

Academic achievement outcomes—Indeterminate effects found
Outcome
measure
Comparison Period Sample Intervention
mean
Comparison
mean
Significant? Improvement
index

Passed college-level math

Developmental Summer Bridge Programs vs. Business as usual

Posttest

College students;
1,318 students

N/A

N/A

No

--
More Outcomes

Passed college-level writing

Developmental Summer Bridge Programs vs. Business as usual

Posttest

College students;
1,318 students

N/A

N/A

No

--

Passed college-level reading

Developmental Summer Bridge Programs vs. Business as usual

Posttest

College students;
1,318 students

N/A

N/A

No

--
Show Supplemental Findings

Passed college-level math

Developmental Summer Bridge Programs vs. Business as usual

Posttest

Female;
810 students

N/A

N/A

No

--

Passed college-level math

Developmental Summer Bridge Programs vs. Business as usual

Posttest

Male;
489 students

N/A

N/A

No

--

Passed college-level reading

Developmental Summer Bridge Programs vs. Business as usual

Posttest

Male;
489 students

N/A

N/A

No

--

Passed college-level writing

Developmental Summer Bridge Programs vs. Business as usual

Posttest

Female;
810 students

N/A

N/A

No

--

Passed college-level writing

Developmental Summer Bridge Programs vs. Business as usual

Posttest

Male;
489 students

N/A

N/A

No

--

Passed college-level reading

Developmental Summer Bridge Programs vs. Business as usual

Posttest

Female;
810 students

N/A

N/A

No

--
Access and enrollment outcomes—Indeterminate effects found
Outcome
measure
Comparison Period Sample Intervention
mean
Comparison
mean
Significant? Improvement
index

First-semester registration at any college

Developmental Summer Bridge Programs vs. Business as usual

Posttest

College students;
1,318 students

N/A

N/A

No

--
Credit accumulation and persistence outcomes—Indeterminate effects found
Outcome
measure
Comparison Period Sample Intervention
mean
Comparison
mean
Significant? Improvement
index

College-level credits earned

Developmental Summer Bridge Programs vs. Business as usual

Posttest

College students;
1,318 students

15.9

15.9

No

--
More Outcomes

Registered at any college

Developmental Summer Bridge Programs vs. Business as usual

Posttest

College students;
1,318 students

N/A

N/A

No

--

Semesters registered at any college

Developmental Summer Bridge Programs vs. Business as usual

Posttest

College students;
1,318 students

3.3

3.4

No

--
Show Supplemental Findings

College-level credits earned

Developmental Summer Bridge Programs vs. Business as usual

Posttest

Female;
810 students

15.7

15.2

No

--

Semesters registered at any college

Developmental Summer Bridge Programs vs. Business as usual

Posttest

Women;
810 students

3.3

3.3

No

--

College-level credits earned

Developmental Summer Bridge Programs vs. Business as usual

Posttest

Male;
489 students

16.6

16.7

No

--

Semesters registered at any college

Developmental Summer Bridge Programs vs. Business as usual

Posttest

Male;
489 students

3.3

3.5

No

--

Characteristics of study sample as reported by study author.

  • Race
    Black
    7%
    White
    9%
  • Ethnicity
    Hispanic
    84%
    Not Hispanic
    16%

  • Urban
    • B
    • A
    • C
    • D
    • E
    • F
    • G
    • I
    • H
    • J
    • K
    • L
    • P
    • M
    • N
    • O
    • Q
    • R
    • S
    • V
    • U
    • T
    • W
    • X
    • Z
    • Y
    • a
    • h
    • i
    • b
    • d
    • e
    • f
    • c
    • g
    • j
    • k
    • l
    • m
    • n
    • o
    • p
    • q
    • r
    • s
    • t
    • u
    • x
    • w
    • y

    Texas

In the case of multiple manuscripts that report on one study, the WWC selects one manuscript as the primary citation and lists other manuscripts that describe the study as additional sources.

  • Pretlow, J., III. (2011). The impact of a Texas summer bridge program on developmental students (Doctoral dissertation). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 3484625)

  • Wathington, H. D., Barnett, E. A., Weissman, E., Teres, J., Pretlow, J., & Nakanishi, A. (2011). Getting ready for college: An implementation and early impacts study of eight Texas developmental summer bridge programs. New York: National Center for Postsecondary Research.

  • Wathington, H., Pretlow, J., & Mitchell, C. (2011, March). The impact of developmental summer bridge programs on students’ success. Paper presented at the Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, Washington, DC.

 

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