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 Pub Number  Title  Date
NCES 2019467 Profile of Undergraduate Students: Attendance, Distance and Remedial Education, Degree Program and Field of Study, Demographics, Financial Aid, Financial Literacy, Employment, and Military Status: 2015–16
These Web Tables provide comprehensive information on undergraduate students who were enrolled in postsecondary institutions during the 2015–16 academic year. Using data from the 2015–16 National Postsecondary Student Aid Study (NPSAS:16), these tables include topics on attendance, average grades, credit card debt, participation in distance and remedial education, degree program, field of study, financial aid, financial literacy, military service and veteran status, and student characteristics (including sex, race/ethnicity, age, dependency status, disability status, income, marital status, and parents’ education).
NCES 2016405 Remedial Coursetaking at U.S. Public 2- and 4-Year Institutions: Scope, Experiences, and Outcomes
This Statistical Analysis Report provides a descriptive analysis of beginning postsecondary students’ coursetaking spanning the 6 year period between 2003 and 2009, documenting the scope, intensity, timing, and completion of remedial coursetaking and its association with various postsecondary outcomes among students who began at public 2 and 4 year institutions. The analysis uses nationally representative data from the 2004/09 Beginning Postsecondary Students Longitudinal Study (BPS:04/09) and its associated 2009 Postsecondary Education Transcript Study (PETS:09).
WWC IRPS651 First Year Experience Courses for Students in Developmental Education
First year experience courses are designed to support the academic performance, social development, persistence, and degree completion of college students. They are also known as college success courses or freshman seminars and topics commonly discussed include study skills, campus resources, time management, career exploration, campus policies, and academic advising. The WWC reviewed the research on first year experience courses and found that they have potentially positive effects on academic achievement, degree attainment, and credit accumulation for postsecondary students.
REL 2015095 Comparing Success Rates for General and Credit Recovery Courses Online and Face to Face: Results for Florida High School Courses
This report describes the results of a REL Southeast study comparing student success in online credit recovery and general courses taken online compared to traditional face-to-face courses. Credit recovery occurs when a student fails a course and then retakes the same course to earn high school credit. This research question was motivated by the high use of online learning in the Southeast, particularly as a method to help students engage in credit recovery. The data for this study covered all high school courses taken between 2007/08 and 2010/11 in Florida (excluding Driver’s and Physical Education). The study compares the likelihood of a student earning a C or better in an online course as compared to a face-to-face course. Comparisons for both general and online courses include those courses taken for the first time and credit recovery courses. The results show that the likelihood of a student earning a grade of C or better was higher when a course was taken online than when taken face-to-face, both for general courses and credit recovery courses. Most subgroups of students also had higher likelihood of success in online courses compared to face-to-face courses, except that English language learners showed no difference in outcomes when taking credit recovery courses online. However, it is not possible to determine whether these consistent differences in course outcomes are attributable to greater student learning, other factors such as differences in student characteristics, or differences in grading standards.
REL 2015096 The Effects of the Elevate Math Summer Program on Math Achievement and Algebra Readiness
This randomized trial examined the effects of the Elevate Math summer program on math achievement and algebra readiness, as well as math interest and self-efficacy, among rising 8th grade students in California's Silicon Valley. The Elevate Math summer math program targets students who score in the range between "high basic" and "low proficient" on state math tests. It consists of 19 days of mathematics instruction, consisting of three hours per day in traditional classroom instruction and one hour per day using Khan Academy (a free online learning system).

During summer 2014, students were randomly assigned to a treatment group that received access to the program at the beginning of the summer or to a control group that received access to the program later in the summer. End-of-program test scores and survey responses of students in the treatment group were compared with those of students in the control group prior to their exposure to the program. Treatment group students scored significantly higher than the control group (4 points or 0.7 standard deviation) on a test of algebra readiness. They were also significantly more likely (29 percent versus 12 percent) to reach achievement thresholds associated with success in algebra I. However, treatment and control groups did not show significant differences in terms of math interest or self-efficacy.

The results show that the Elevate Math summer program can significantly improve student math achievement and algebra readiness; however, 70 percent of program participants were still not ready for algebra I content. This suggests that summer math programs such as Elevate Math's may be important tools for improving math achievement among rising eighth grade students, but most targeted students will need additional support in order to ensure success in algebra.
REL 2015060 Stated Briefly: Participation and Pass Rates for College Preparatory Transition Courses in Kentucky
This study examines Kentucky high school students' participation and pass rates in college preparatory transition courses, voluntary remedial courses in math and reading offered to grade 12 students. These courses are targeted to students scoring just below the state’s college readiness benchmarks on the ACT in grade 11. The study found that: participation was nearly four times higher in math transition courses than in reading transition courses; more than half of students who participated in a math transition course were from the targeted group, compared with about a third of students who participated in a reading transition course; overall pass rates were 93 percent in math and 97 percent in reading; and participation was at least three times higher in nonurban schools than in urban schools. This "Stated Briefly" report is a companion piece that summarizes the results of another report of the same name (REL 2014–009).
REL 2015059 Who repeats algebra I, and how does initial performance relate to improvement when the course is repeated?
This REL West study explores the prevalence of students repeating Algebra I, who is most likely to repeat the course, and the level of improvement for students who repeat. Using six years of data from a cohort of 3,400 first-time seventh grade students in a California school district, authors found that 44 percent of students repeated algebra I . Overall, student performance improved on average by approximately one-half of a letter grade and a little less than one-third of a performance level on the CST when students repeated the course. But when the data was disaggregated based on initial performance in the class, higher-achieving students experienced variation in improvement levels. Repeating students who initially received average course grades of at least a “C” in Algebra I earned higher CST scores but lower course grades on average when they repeated the course. Students who initially scored Proficient on the Algebra I CST experienced increases in course grades but declines in CST scores on average when they repeated the course. Overall, these findings show that lower-performing students are likely to experience improvements in grades and CST scores when they repeat Algebra I, but that higher-performing students are likely to experience improvements on some measures of performance and declines on others when they repeat the course.
NCES 2013157 Web Tables—Characteristics of Certificate Completers With Their Time to Certificate and Labor Market Outcomes
These Web Tables provide estimates of certificate credit requirements, certificate completion times, and labor market outcomes for undergraduate students who entered postsecondary education for the first time in 2003–04 and whose postsecondary transcripts indicated the first credential earned by spring 2009 was a subbaccalaureate certificate (certificate completers). The results are based on data from about 1,700 certificate completers representing a population of approximately 311,000 students in the 2003–04 Beginning Postsecondary Students Longitudinal Study, Second Follow-up (BPS:04/09), a nationally representative sample of undergraduates first interviewed during the 2003–04 academic year and followed over a period of 6 academic years.
NCES 2013013 First-Year Undergraduate Remedial Coursetaking: 1999-2000, 2003-04, and 2007-08
This Statistics in Brief uses the National Postsecondary Student Aid Study (NPSAS) to measure the frequency and change of remedial coursetaking in U.S. postsecondary institutions.
NCES 2013151REV Web Tables—An Overview of Classes Taken and Credits Earned by Beginning Postsecondary Students
These Web Tables provide an overview of classes taken and credits earned by a nationwide sample of first-time beginning postsecondary students based on data from the Postsecondary Education Transcript Study (PETS) of the 2004/09 Beginning Postsecondary Students Longitudinal Study. PETS collected transcripts from all the postsecondary institutions students attended, providing a complete 6-year record of students’ coursetaking and credit accumulation. Topics covered in these Web Tables include precollege credits, remedial education participation, withdrawals and repeated courses, and credits earned in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). Tables also present credits earned in each year of enrollment and total credits earned by whether students earned a credential.
NCEE 20124042 An Evaluation of Number Rockets: A Tier 2 Intervention for Grade 1 Students At Risk for Difficulties in Mathematics

For report NCEE 2012-4007 An Evaluation of Number Rockets: A Tier-2 Intervention for Grade 1 Students at Risk for Difficulties in Mathematics

This file contains data from a rigorous experimental study of the impact of the Number Rockets small group tutoring program on grade 1 math achievement. Number Rockets is an early mathematics intervention targeted to students at risk of falling behind. This study found that the Number Rockets intervention had a positive effect on math achievement in grade 1, without having a negative effect on reading achievement. Comparison students received regular core mathematics instruction but no additional support.

There is information from 2,719 students: 1,643 intervention, 1,076 control who consented to participate in the study. These students were screened using a measure composed of six subtests. Three subtests were used in the Fuchs et al. (2005) study and measure grade 1 mathematics skills in solving computation problems, concept/application problems, and brief story problems; the other three were selected from research on valid screening measures in mathematics for grade 1 students (Jordan et al. 2007; Geary 1993; Baker et al. 2006; Clarke et al. 2006) and measure number sense, comparative judgments of numerical magnitude, and working memory. Administration time was about 25 minutes. Students with a screener composite score at or below the sample’s 35th percentile (994 students; 615 intervention, 379 control) were considered at risk and participated in the study.

NCES 2012271 Characteristics of Associate’s Degree Attainers and Time to Associate’s Degree
These Web Tables provide estimates on completion times for undergraduate students who entered postsecondary education for the first time in 2003–04 and whose first degree attained by spring 2009 was an associate’s degree using data from the 2004/09 Beginning Postsecondary Students Longitudinal Study. Results are shown by enrollment, demographic, and employment characteristics and are presented separately for students who attended exclusively full time and students who ever attended part time.
NCES 2010220 Web Tables—Profile of Undergraduate Students: Trends from Selected Years, 1995–96 to 2007–08
These Web Tables provide information on undergraduates during the 1995–96, 1999–2000, 2003–04, and 2007–08 academic years. Estimates are presented for all undergraduates, and for undergraduates who attended public 2- and 4-year, private nonprofit, and for-profit institutions by student and enrollment characteristics, hours worked while enrolled, and community service activities.
NCES 2009039 Comparative Indicators of Education in the United States and Other G-8 Countries: 2009
This report describes how the education system in the United States compares with education systems in the other G-8 countries--Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the Russian Federation, and the United Kingdom. Twenty-seven indicators are organized in five sections: (1) population and school enrollment; (2) academic performance (including subsections for reading, mathematics, and science); (3) context for learning; (4) expenditure for education; and (5) education returns: educational attainment and income. This report draws on the most current information about education from four primary sources: the Indicators of National Education Systems (INES) at the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS), the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), and the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS).
NCEE 20094036 Enhanced Reading Opportunities: Findings from the Second Year of Implementation
The report, Enhanced Reading Opportunities: Findings from the Second Year of Implementation presents findings from an ongoing evaluation of the impact of two supplemental literacy programs — Reading Apprenticeship Academic Literacy (RAAL) and Xtreme Reading (XR) — that aim to improve the reading comprehension skills and school performance of struggling ninth-grade readers. The report describes the effects of the programs on the second cohort of students entering high school two to five years behind grade level in reading. Taken together, the programs produced a statistically significant impact on reading comprehension among the students who were randomly assigned to participate in the supplemental literacy programs equivalent to 1 to 2 months of instruction compared to those who did not participate in the programs. Analyzed separately, RAAL had a statistically significant impact on reading comprehension while XR did not have a statistically significant impact on reading comprehension. No statistically significant impacts were found on student’s vocabulary test scores or their use of reading behaviors promoted by the programs.
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