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 Pub Number  Title  Date
REL 2020026 Relationships between Schoolwide Instructional Observation Scores and Student Academic Achievement and Growth in Low‑Performing Schools in Massachusetts
The Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education (DESE), like other state education agencies and districts, recognizes that a key lever to turning around low-performing schools is the quality of instruction (Hill & Harvey, 2004; Hopkins, Harris, Watling, & Beresford, 1999). As part of the annual monitoring of state-designated low-performing schools, DESE’s external low-performing school monitors use Teachstone’s Classroom Assessment Scoring System (CLASS) tool to conduct observations. DESE’ external monitors rated low-performing schools on three domains of instruction—Emotional Support, Classroom Organization, and Instructional Support. This paper examines the relationships between these observation scores and academic growth and achievement within a school, after adjusting for the percentage of students with low incomes and the grade levels in these low-performing schools. Results show statistically significant positive relationships between schoolwide average observation scores for each instructional domain and school-level academic growth in both English language arts (ELA) and mathematics. On a 7-point scale, a 1-point increase in a school’s overall observation rating was associated with an increase in student growth of 4.4 percentile points of growth in ELA and 5.1 percentile points of growth in mathematics. For schoolwide achievement, which is measured by the percentage of students who met or exceeded expectations on the state assessment, results show a significant positive relationship between the classroom organization domain and ELA schoolwide achievement. There was no significant relationship between observation scores and schoolwide achievement in ELA for any other domain or for mathematics schoolwide achievement. The relationship between observation scores and current achievement levels may be weak because achievement levels may be influenced by many other factors including students’ prior achievement and the economic and social challenges their families face.
9/8/2020
NCES 2020068 Process Data From the 2017 NAEP Grade 8 Mathematics Assessment
This report describes the contents of the first-ever NCES release of a response process dataset from the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP). Response process data are the data generated from students’ interactions with a digitally based assessment. The data include the time students spend on assessment items; their keypresses as they progress through the assessment; how they use onscreen tools made available to all learners (such as the calculator); and the use of accommodations (for example, text-to-speech). The response process dataset files will be released as a restricted-use data (RUD) package including the response process data, as well as linked datasets on students’ responses to assessment items and their demographics and accommodation information. Data will be available only for students who were assessed using assessment items that were released to the public from the 2017 grade 8 mathematics assessment. People interested in accessing the data must obtain a restricted-use data license from NCES.
6/24/2020
NCES 2020017 The Nation's Report Card: 2018 U.S. History, Geography, and Civics at Grade 8, Highlights Reports

These online Highlights reports present an overview of results from the NAEP 2018 civics, geography, and U.S. history reports. The reports include national results on the performance of eighth-grade students. Results are presented in terms of average scale scores and as percentages of students performing at or above the three NAEP achievement levels: NAEP Basic, NAEP Proficient, and NAEP Advanced. In addition to overall scores, results are reported by racial/ethnic groups, gender, type of school, and other demographic groups.

There was no significant change in the 2018 average civics score for eighth-grade students compared to the score in 2014. Reflecting the relatively stable overall average score since 2014, there were no significant changes in the scores of students at any of the selected percentile levels or for any of the major student groups that NAEP reports on. The 2018 average civics score was higher than the score in 1998. In addition, the scores of lower-performing students (those at the 10th and 25th percentiles) in 2018 were also higher than in 1998.

The 2018 average geography score for eighth-grade students was lower than in 2014. In 2018, scores for lower-performing students at the 10th and 25th percentiles decreased compared to scores in 2014, while the scores for middle- and higher-performing students remained relatively stable. There was no significant change in the 2018 score compared to the score from the first assessment in 1994; however, scores for higher-performing students (those at the 75th and 90th percentiles) were lower than in 1994.

In 2018, the average U.S. history score for eighth-grade students was lower than in 2014. Students at all selected percentile levels other than those at the highest level (those at the 90th percentile) saw a decrease in their scores. Compared to the score in the first assessment year in 1994, the 2018 average U.S. history score was 4 points higher. Students across performance levels made gains compared to 1994 except those at the 90th percentile, where there was no significant change in the score for these highest-performing students.

Highlighted results include responses of students and teachers to survey questionnaires designed to collect information about students’ educational experiences and opportunities to learn both in and outside of the classroom. In addition, the report includes sample questions from the assessments to help illustrate the types of knowledge and skills measured in civics, geography, and U.S. history.

4/23/2020
NCES 2020166 Highlights of U.S. PISA 2018 Results Web Report
This web report provides key comparative information on the reading, mathematics, and science literacy performance of 15-year-old students in the United States and 77 other participating education systems. The Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) is sponsored by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and focuses on students as they are nearing the end of compulsory schooling. PISA is conducted every 3 years, with 2018 being the latest round.

In PISA 2018, the major domain was reading literacy, although mathematics and science literacy were also assessed. In addition to national average scores, PISA also provides insight into the percentage of students who reach each of the PISA proficiency levels.
12/3/2019
NCES 2020127 PIAAC International Highlights Web Report
Using the data from the Program for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC), this web-based highlights report sets the performance of U.S. adults within the context of the international average among the 32 countries that participated between 2012 and 2015. In addition, U.S. results are compared to results from selected higher performing countries. PIAAC is a large-scale international study of working-age adults (ages 16–65) that assesses adult skills in three domains (literacy, numeracy, and digital problem solving) and collects information on adults’ education, work experience, and other background characteristics.

This web-based highlights report provides overall results for all three PIAAC domains, as well as results for the following key variables: educational attainment, current employment status, nativity, and self-reported health status.
11/20/2019
NCES 2020777 Highlights of the 2017 U.S. PIAAC Results Web Report
Using the data from the Program for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC), this web report highlights results for U.S. adults from the most recent 2017 data collection in comparison with the combined 2012/14 data collection. PIAAC is a large-scale international study of working-age adults (ages 16–65) that assesses adult skills in three domains (literacy, numeracy, and digital problem solving) and collects information on adults’ education, work experience, and other background characteristics.

This web report provides overall results for all three PIAAC domains, as well as results for the following key variables: gender, age, race/ethnicity, educational attainment, current employment status, nativity, and self-reported health status. Changes in demographics as well as changes in performance within each of the variables between 2012/14 and 17 are discussed.
11/15/2019
NCES 2020013 NAEP Mathematics 2019 State Snapshot Reports
Each state and jurisdiction that participated in the NAEP 2019 mathematics assessment receives a one-page Snapshot report that presents key findings and trends in a condensed format. The reports in this series provide bulleted text describing overall student results, bar charts showing NAEP achievement levels for selected years in which the state participated, and tables displaying results by gender, race/ethnicity, and eligibility for free/reduced-price lunch. In addition, bulleted text describes the trends in average scale score gaps by gender, race/ethnicity, and eligibility for free/reduced-price lunch. A map comparing the average score in 2019 to other states/jurisdictions is also displayed.
10/30/2019
NCES 2020014 NAEP Reading 2019 State Snapshot Reports
Each state and jurisdiction that participated in the NAEP 2019 reading assessment receives a one-page Snapshot report that presents key findings and trends in a condensed format. The reports in this series provide bulleted text describing overall student results, bar charts showing NAEP achievement levels for selected years in which the state participated, and tables displaying results by gender, race/ethnicity, and eligibility for free/reduced-price lunch. In addition, bulleted text describes the trends in average scale score gaps by gender, race/ethnicity, and eligibility for free/reduced-price lunch. A map comparing the average score in 2019 to other states/jurisdictions is also displayed.
10/30/2019
NCES 2020015 NAEP Mathematics 2019 District Snapshot Reports
Each district that participated in the NAEP 2019 mathematics assessment receives a one-page Snapshot report that presents key findings and trends in a condensed format. The reports in this series provide bulleted text describing overall student results, bar charts showing NAEP achievement levels for selected years in which the district participated, and tables displaying results by gender, race/ethnicity, and eligibility for free/reduced-price lunch. In addition, bulleted text describes the trends in average scale score gaps by gender, race/ethnicity, and eligibility for free/reduced-price lunch.
10/30/2019
NCES 2020016 NAEP Reading 2019 District Snapshot Reports
Each district that participated in the NAEP 2019 reading assessment receives a one-page Snapshot report that presents key findings and trends in a condensed format. The reports in this series provide bulleted text describing overall student results, bar charts showing NAEP achievement levels for selected years in which the district participated, and tables displaying results by gender, race/ethnicity, and eligibility for free/reduced-price lunch. In addition, bulleted text describes the trends in average scale score gaps by gender, race/ethnicity, and eligibility for free/reduced-price lunch.
10/30/2019
NCES 2019040 Mapping State Proficiency Standards onto the NAEP Scales: Results From the 2017 NAEP Reading and Mathematics Assessments
The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) has periodically published reports using results from the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) to compare the proficiency standards that states set for their students. Since standards vary across states, the results of the various state assessments cannot be used to directly compare students’ progress. However, by placing a state standard onto the NAEP scale, a common metric for all states, a NAEP equivalent score is produced, which can be compared across states. The last mapping study report released by NCES (NCES 2018-159) compared state proficiency standards for school year 2014-15. The 2017 edition of this report highlights the results of mapping state proficiency standards onto the NAEP scales using state assessment results from the 2016–17 school year and the 2017 NAEP assessments for public schools.
8/21/2019
NCES 2018147 2015 Survey Questionnaires Results: Classroom Instructions for Mathematics, Reading, and Science
As part of the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), students, teachers, and school administrators answer survey questionnaires. These questionnaires collect contextual information to provide a better understanding of educational experiences and factors that are related to students’ learning both in and outside of the classroom and to allow for meaningful student group comparisons. As part of the 2015 NAEP assessments, teachers of fourth- and eighth-graders answered survey questions about the content, activities, and skills they emphasized in their classrooms, and twelfth-graders answered questions about their classroom activities or coursework in mathematics, reading, and science. This special report takes an in-depth look at their responses, providing additional information with the 2015 NAEP achievement results.
7/30/2019
NCES 2019050 ECLS-K:2011 Public-Use Kindergarten-Fifth Grade Data File and Electronic Codebook
The Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010-11 (ECLS-K:2011) is a longitudinal study that followed a nationally representative sample of students from their kindergarten year to the spring of 2016, when most of the students were in fifth grade. This public-use data file includes data from every round of data collection: the fall and spring of the 2010-11 school year, when all of the students were in kindergarten; the fall and spring of the 2011-12 school year, when most of the students were in first grade; the fall and spring of the 2012-13 school year, when most of the students were in second grade; the spring of 2014, when most of the students were in third grade; the spring of 2015, when most of the students were in fourth grade, and the spring of 2016, when most of the students were in fifth grade. The file includes information collected from the students, their parents/guardians, their teachers, and their school administrators in each year of the study. It also includes information collected in the spring of 2011 from their kindergarten-year before- and after-school care providers.
7/12/2019
NCES 2019048 The National Indian Education Study 2015: A Closer Look

The National Indian Education Study (NIES) is designed to describe the condition of education for fourth- and eighth-grade American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) students in the United States. NIES is conducted under the direction of the National Center for Education Statistics on behalf of the U.S. Department of Education’s Office of Indian Education.

This follow-up report focuses on two major concerns that have been raised throughout the first decade of NIES:

  • What contextual factors are associated with higher- and lower-performing AI/AN students on NAEP mathematics and reading assessments?
  • How do AI/AN students see themselves in terms of their Native languages, culture, and aspirations for the future?

First, the report examines various factors associated with AI/AN students who performed at or above the 75th percentile and below the 25th percentile (i.e., “higher-performing” and “lower-performing” AI/AN students). Second, the report explores results derived from the combination of multiple related survey questions (i.e., composite variables) centered around Native language exposure, knowledge and interest in Native cultures, and academic engagement and expectations.

The results presented in this report are focused on the responses of fourth- and eighth-grade AI/AN students to selected survey questions. Approximately 8,500 fourth-graders and 8,200 eighth-graders participated in the NIES 2015 student survey. The survey results displayed are reported as percentages of AI/AN students attending schools that varied in the proportion of AI/AN students within their student population—low AI/AN density public schools (less than 25 percent of students were AI/AN), high AI/AN density public schools (25 percent or more of students were AI/AN), or Bureau of Indian Education (BIE) schools.

5/7/2019
NCES 2019068 The Nation's Report Card: Highlighted Results for the 2018 Technology and Engineering Literacy (TEL) Assessment at Grade 8

This online highlights presents an overview of results from the NAEP 2018 Technology and Engineering Literacy (TEL) report. The report includes national results on the performance of eighth-grade students. Results are presented in terms of average scale scores and as percentages of students performing at or above the three NAEP achievement levels: NAEP Basic, NAEP Proficient, and NAEP Advanced. In addition to overall scores, results are reported by racial/ethnic groups, gender, type of school, and other demographic groups.

In 2018, eighth-grade students scored higher on average in TEL overall compared to 2014, the previous assessment year. Average scores were also higher in all three TEL content areas (Technology and Society, Design and Systems, and Information and Communication Technology) and in all three TEL practices (Understanding Technological Principles, Developing Solutions and Achieving Goals, and Communicating and Collaborating). Compared to 2014, overall TEL scores in 2018 were higher for middle- (50th percentile) and higher- (75th and 90th percentiles) performing eighth-grade students; middle- and higher-performing students also scored higher in all three content areas and all three practices. In 2018, scores for several student groups were higher in TEL overall as well as in each of the content areas and practices in comparison to 2014. Female students scored higher than male students in TEL overall in 2018; female students also scored higher than their male peers in more content areas and practices compared to 2014.

Results are also reported based on students’ responses to a survey questionnaire about their technology and engineering learning experiences in and outside of school. The report includes detailed descriptions of released scenario-based tasks and discrete questions to help illustrate the types of technology and engineering skills measured as part of the NAEP TEL assessment.

Full results are available in the 2018 NAEP Technology and Engineering Literacy (TEL) Report Card.

4/30/2019
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