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 Pub Number  Title  Date
WWC IRECE153 Doors to Discovery
Doors to Discovery is a preschool literacy curriculum that uses eight thematic units of activities to help children build fundamental early literacy skills in oral language, phonological awareness, concepts of print, alphabet knowledge, writing, and comprehension. The WWC found that Doors to Discovery has potentially positive effects on oral language and print knowledge and no discernible effects on phonological processing or math for preschool children.
WWC IRCYD578 Social Skills Training
Social skills training is a collection of practices that use a behavioral approach for teaching preschool children age-appropriate social skills and competencies, including communication, problem solving, decision making, self-management, and peer relations. The WWC reviewed 47 studies that investigated the effects of social skills training on children with disabilities in early education settings. Three of those studies are randomized controlled trials that meet WWC evidence standards without reservations and included 135 children with disabilities in early education settings in the United States. Based on these studies, the WWC found that social skills training has no discernible effects on cognition and positive effects on social-emotional development and behavior for children with disabilities in early education settings.
WWC SSREC12 Randomized, Controlled Trial of the LEAP Model of Early Intervention for Young Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders
The study, Randomized, Controlled Trial of the LEAP Model of Early Intervention for Young Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders, examined the intervention Learning Experiences and Alternative Program for Preschoolers and Their Parents (LEAP) which involves immersing children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) into preschool classrooms with other children. The study examined the effectiveness of a full two-year LEAP training and support model for teachers on improving outcomes of preschool children with ASD, as compared to a limited LEAP model in which no professional development support was provided. Researchers found that the full LEAP model produced positive impacts on behavior, communication, intellectual outcomes, and social outcomes of preschool children. This study is a well-implemented randomized controlled trial that meets WWC evidence standards without reservations.
REL 2012021 Prekindergarten Participation Rates in West Virginia
This report compares the shares of preK seats provided by public school systems and collaborative partners—federal or private—and analyzes participation based on socioeconomic and racial/ethnic subgroups and district characteristics. This report updates through 2010/11 a previous report that covered school years 2002/03–2006/07.

The study found that the statewide participation rate in preK more than doubled between 2002/03 and 2010/11, from 26 percent to 63 percent of eligible students.
WWC IRSNMT12 Milieu Teaching
Milieu teaching is a practice that involves manipulating or arranging stimuli in a preschool child’s natural environment to create a setting that encourages the child to engage in a targeted behavior. Typically, milieu teaching involves four strategies that a teacher will utilize to encourage a student to demonstrate the targeted behavior, such as using a particular language structure: modeling, mand-modeling, incidental teaching, and time-delay. The WWC reviewed 162 studies that investigated the effects of milieu teaching on preschool children with disabilities. One study is a randomized controlled trial that meets WWC evidence standards without reservations. The study included 40 preschool children with developmental delays attending two schools in Davidson County, Tennessee. Based on this study, the WWC found milieu teaching to have no discernible effects on communication/language competencies for preschool children with disabilities.
REL 2011107 Participation During the First Four Years of Tennessee's Voluntary Prekindergarten Program
This study examines the first four years of Tennessee's Voluntary Prekindergarten program, directed to four-year-olds eligible for free or reduced-price lunch. It reviews participation levels and trends for the program as a whole, for collaborative partner classrooms, and for student and district subgroups and discusses the geographic distribution of program sites.
NCSER 20113006 A Longitudinal View of the Receptive Vocabulary and Math Achievement of Young Children with Disabilities
This report describes how children who received preschool special education services perform over time on assessments of receptive vocabulary and math skills. It also describes how their receptive vocabulary and math performance vary over time by primary disability category.
NCEE 20114026 National Assessment of IDEA Overview IDEA National Assessment Implementation Study Executive Summary and Report

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), reauthorized in 2004, supports states in the provision of early intervention and special education and related services for 7 million children and youth with disabilities. In fiscal year 2010, federal funding for IDEA was $12.6 billion.

The congressionally mandated study provides a national picture of state agency implementation of early intervention programs for infants and toddlers (IDEA Part C) and both state and school district implementation of special education programs for preschool- and school-age children (IDEA Part B). The study is based on surveys of state agency directors and a nationally representative sample of district special education directors conducted in 2009. The key findings include:

  • State Part C agencies support the transition of toddlers with disabilities to Part B preschool-age special education programs, but Part C has not expanded to serve children until kindergarten. At age 3, toddlers receiving Part C services transition to Part B services (if eligible), typically involving a change in lead agency (in 46 states) and often a change in support staff, service settings, and services.
  • Most school districts (85 percent) do not use IDEA Part B funds to provide Coordinated Early Intervening Services (CEIS). IDEA 2004 permits, and in some cases requires, school districts to use some of their Part B funds to provide CEIS, services for students not yet identified as needing special education. These services are meant to address the overrepresentation of racial/ethnic minority students in special education.
  • Most school districts implement Response to Intervention (RtI), use RtI data when determining specific learning disability (SLD) eligibility, and support RtI with district general funds. RtI, a range of practices for monitoring student academic and behavioral progress and providing targeted interventions, was added to IDEA in 2004 as a way to inform the determination of SLD and implement CEIS.
NCSER 20113000 Access to Educational and Community Activities for Young Children with Disabilities
This report describes access for young children with disabilities in two specific domains: community activities, including extracurricular activities and family recreation, and kindergarten classroom experiences. It also examines how access and participation in these activities may vary by child, family, and school district characteristics.
WWC IRECELE10 Literacy Express
Literacy Express is a comprehensive preschool curriculum designed for three- to five-year-old children. The program is structured around thematic units on oral language, emergent literacy, basic math, science, general knowledge, and socio-emotional development. It can be used in half- or full-day programs with typically developing children and children with special needs. The program provides professional development opportunities for staff, teaching materials, suggested activities, and recommendations for room arrangement, daily schedules, and classroom management.
WWC QRHS0713 WWC Quick Review of the Report "Head Start Impact Study: Final Report"
The WWC Quick Review on the "Head Start Impact Study: Final Report" examines the effects of offering the federal program Head Start to preschoolers. Head Start aims to improve the school readiness of low-income children by providing preschool education and health and nutrition services.
WWC QRSE0615 WWC Quick Review of the Report on Summative Evaluation of the Ready to Learn Initiative
This WWC quick review looks at the report, "Summative Evaluation of the Ready to Learn Initiative." Quick reviews give timely guidance about whether education research in the news meets WWC standards. This study examines whether preschoolers who were exposed to a media-rich literacy curriculum had better early reading skills than preschoolers who were exposed to a media-rich science curriculum. Using a randomized controlled trial, the study included 398 4- and 5-year-olds from low-income households in 47 early childhood centers in New York City and San Francisco.
NCEE 20104005 Patterns in the Identification of and Outcomes for Children and Youth With Disabilities
This study utilizes existing data collected by the U.S. Department of Education and other federal agencies to provide a national description of identification patterns across time and comparisons of the outcomes for children and youth with disabilities with outcomes of samples including their nondisabled peers. The study found that, across age groups, there was an increase from 1997 to 2005 in the percentages of children either newly identified or continuing to receive early intervention and special education services. Children identified for services under IDEA, while demonstrating growth in their performance, had lower skill levels than their same-age peers not identified for IDEA services or in the general population across outcomes, including developmental skills appropriate for young children, NAEP reading and math scores, and school completion for older school-age youth.
NCES 2010011 Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort (ECLS-B) Longitudinal 9-Month-Kindergarten 2007 Restricted-Use Data File and Electronic Codebook DVD
This DVD contains an electronic codebook (ECB), a restricted-use data file, and survey and ECB documentation for all rounds of data collection (9 months, 2 years, preschool, kindergarten 2006 and kindergarten 2007) for the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort (ECLS-B). The technical documentation available on the DVD includes user's manuals and sampling reports.
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