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|REL 2022123||Academic Mindsets and Behaviors, Prior Achievement, and the Transition to Middle School
Middle school is an important crossroad in a student’s academic journey. As students enter middle school, their academic achievement and engagement frequently declines. This is true particularly for Black and Latinx students. Poor middle school grades are often a harbinger of poor performance in high school and beyond. In particular, having a grade point average (GPA) below 2.0 is a strong signal of continuing negative academic outcomes. Previous research has found that academic outcomes around the transition to middle school are related to, and might even be driven by, academic mindsets, including growth mindsets (such as beliefs about the malleability of academic ability and the payoff to effort) and performance avoidance (fears of failure and the desire to avoid academic effort), and resulting academic behaviors (such as completing homework).
This study examined the relationship between 2016/17 grade 5 student responses to a Clark County School District (Nevada) survey on levels of academic mindsets and behaviors and the predicted probability of earning a low GPA (below 2.0) at the end of the first semester of grade 6 (the first year of middle school) in 2017/18. Grade 5 students who reported high levels of growth mindset and academic behavior and low levels of performance avoidance had a lower predicted probability of having a GPA below 2.0 in the first semester of grade 6. Once student scores on grade 5 state standardized math and English language arts achievement exams were accounted for, levels of academic mindsets and behaviors among grade 5 students with scores at or above the district median did not predict meaningful differences in the probability of having a GPA below 2.0 in the first semester of grade 6. However, among grade 5 students with prior academic achievement below the district median, students who reported high levels of growth mindset and academic behaviors and low levels of performance avoidance had a lower predicted probability of having a GPA below 2.0 in the first semester of grade 6, even after differences in individual grade 5 prior academic achievement were accounted for. These patterns were essentially the same for all racial/ethnic groups as well as for both English learner students and non–English learner students.
|NFES 2021058||Forum Guide to Attendance, Participation, and Engagement Data in Virtual and Hybrid Learning Models
The Forum Guide to Attendance, Participation, and Engagement Data in Virtual and Hybrid Learning Models was developed as a companion publication to the 2018 Forum Guide to Collecting and Using Attendance Data, drawing upon the information included in that resource and incorporating lessons learned by state and local education agencies (SEAs and LEAs) during the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. The information is intended to assist agencies in responding to the current need for these data, as well as future scenarios, such as courses with blended/hybrid learning models or natural disaster situations in which extended virtual education is required.
|NCES 2019031||Findings and Recommendations from the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2017 Pilot Study of the Middle School Transcript Study (MSTS): Methodological Report, NCES 2019-031
This report summarizes the methodological findings of a pilot study that was designed to test the feasibility of collecting eighth-grade student transcript and course catalog data via electronic submissions.
The transcript data of eighth-grade students from Trial Urban District Assessments (TUDA) schools that participated in the NAEP 2017 eighth-grade mathematics and reading assessments were collected.
|NCEE 20154006||School Practices and Accountability for Students With Disabilities
This study presents descriptive findings on school practices in 12 states during 2010–11 for elementary and middle schools explicitly held accountable for the performance of the students with disabilities (SWD) subgroup under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA). The study found that, when surveyed in 2011, elementary schools accountable for the SWD subgroup were 15.8 percentage-points more likely than never-accountable elementary schools to report moving students with disabilities from self-contained settings to regular classrooms over the previous five years. Middle schools accountable for the SWD subgroup were 16.7 percentage-points more likely than never-accountable middle schools to report moving students with disabilities from self-contained settings to regular classrooms over the previous five years.
|NFES 2013802||Forum Guide to the Teacher-Student Data Link: A Technical Implementation
This publication is a practical guide for implementing a teacher-student data link (TSDL) that supports a range of uses at the local, regional, and state levels. The guide addresses the considerations for linking teacher and student data from multiple perspectives, including governance, policies, data components, business rules, system requirements, and practices. It provides references to promising practices for high quality data linkages, including TSDLspecific processes such as roster verification and the establishment of the Teacher of Record. The information and opinions published here are those of the Forum and do not necessarily represent the policy or views of the U.S. Department of Education or NCES.
|WWC IRSNCP11||Coping Power
Coping Power is a program that involves group sessions for children and parents. Children receive lessons in goal setting, problem solving, anger management, and peer relationships. Group sessions for parents support the child component and address setting expectations, praise, discipline, managing stress, communication, and child study skills. Based on its review of the research, the WWC found Coping Power to have positive effects for external behavior and potentially positive effects for social outcomes for children classified or at risk for having an emotional disturbance.
|REL QRMSM0824||WWC Quick Review of the Report "Middle School Mathematics Professional Development Impact Study: Findings After the First Year of Implementation"
The study examined whether 7th-graders' knowledge of rational numbers improved when the students' math teachers participated in related professional development activities. The study analyzed data on about 4,500 students and 200 teachers from approximately 80 schools in 12 districts during the 2007-08 academic year. The effects of professional development were measured by comparing student outcomes at the end of the academic year in schools that were offered professional development provided by the study with outcomes in schools that did not. The study found that students in schools where teachers were offered extensive professional development performed the same on a test of math achievement in rational numbers as students in comparison schools at the end of the 2007-08 academic year. Further, the study found that the professional development had no impact on teacher knowledge of rational number topics and on how to teach them. However, the study found a significant positive impact of the professional development on one of the three measures of teacher instructional practices examined. Teachers who were offered the study's professional development engaged in 1.03 more activities per hour that elicited student thinking than teachers not offered the study's professional development. The WWC rated the research described in this report as consistent with WWC evidence standards.
|WWC IRMMCM10||Connected Mathematics Project
The Connected Mathematics Project (CMP) is a problem-centered mathematics curriculum designed for all students in grades 6-8. Each grade level of the curriculum is a full-year program and covers numbers, algebra, geometry/measurement, probability, and statistics. The program seeks to make connections within mathematics, between mathematics and other subject areas, and to the real world. The curriculum is divided into a sequenced set of units, each organized around different mathematical topics. The four to seven lessons in a unit each contain one to five problems that the teacher and students explore in class. Additional problem sets, called Applications, Connections, and Extensions, in each lesson help students practice, apply, connect, and extend their understanding and skills. Each lesson culminates in a Mathematical Reflections activity. According to the developers, the CMP addresses National Council of Teachers of Mathematics standards.