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 Pub Number  Title  Date
REL 2007038 Using Strategy Instruction to Help Struggling High Schoolers Understand What They Read
The evidence indicates that peer-assisted learning can have a substantively important positive effect on struggling high school students' reading comprehension. But reservations remain about attributing improved comprehension to peer-assisted learning because the students were not randomly assigned to the intervention in the one study that met evidence standards.
10/29/2007
REL 2007023 The Distribution of Teaching and Learning Resources in California's Middle and High Schools
Access to important educational resources in California's middle and high schools is not equal among schools that serve different student populations. Overall, the most disadvantaged populations of middle and high school students are likely to have the least access to the resources necessary for learning.
10/1/2007
NCER 20072004 Organizing Instruction and Study to Improve Student Learning
This NCER Practice Guide is the third in a series of IES guides in education. This guide reflects an expert panel's consensus on some of the most important principles to emerge from research on learning and memory. The guide draws on the best available evidence and expertise to provide teachers with specific strategies for organizing instruction and students' studying of material to facilitate learning and remembering, and for helping students use what they have learned in new situations. The guide includes a set of concrete actions relating to the use of instructional and study time that are applicable to subjects that demand a great deal of content learning, including social studies, science, and mathematics. Along with seven recommendations for teachers, the panel also indicates the quality of evidence that supports each recommendation.
9/28/2007
NCES 2006017 Highlights From the TIMSS 1999 Video Study of Eighth-Grade Science Teaching
This report presents key findings from the 1999 Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) Video Study of eighth-grade science teaching in five countries: Australia, Czech Republic, Japan, Netherlands, and the United States. The TIMSS 1999 Video Study is a follow-up and expansion of the TIMSS 1995 Video Study. The study is the first attempt to examine eighth-grade science lessons as they are actually delivered to students. The data presented focus on three basic questions: How did the teacher organize the lesson to support students’ opportunities to learn science? How was science represented to students in the lesson? What opportunities did students have to participate in science learning activities? The science lessons videotaped in the five countries display similarities and differences, with each country revealing a general approach to the teaching of science in the eighth grade. In general, the data suggest that, in the Czech Republic, science teaching can be characterized as whole-class events that focused on getting the content right; in the Netherlands science lessons focused on students’ independent learning of the science content; Japanese eighth-grade science lessons typically focused on developing a few physics and chemistry ideas by making connections between ideas and evidence through an inquiry-oriented, inductive approach in which data were collected and interpreted to build up to a main idea or conclusion; in Australia, lessons tended to focus on developing a limited number of ideas by making connections between ideas and evidence; and, in the United States, eighth-grade science lessons were characterized by a variety of activities that may engage students in doing science work, with less focus on connecting these activities to the development of science content ideas. The report is accompanied by a CD-ROM of video clips illustrating key factors examined in the study.
4/4/2006
NCES 2005865 Developments in School Finance: 2004
This report contains papers presented at the 2004 annual NCES Summer Data Conference. Discussions and presentations dealt with such topics as measuring school efficiency, analyzing the return on education investment, calculating education costs per student, and assessing the financial condition of school districts.
7/25/2005
NCES 2004325 Developments in School Finance: 2003
This report contains papers presented at the 2003 annual NCES Summer Data Conference. The scholars' papers address teacher turnover; financing urban schools; the costs of improving student performance; distinguishing good schools from bad in principle and practice; an evaluation of the efficacy of state adequacy and equity indicators; school finance reform in Vermont; and school accountability.
9/20/2004
NCES 2003013 Teaching Mathematics in Seven Countries: Results from the TIMSS 1999 Video Study
The Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 1999 Video Study examines classroom teaching practices through in-depth analysis of videotapes of eighth-grade mathematics lessons. More ambitious than the earlier TIMSS 1995 Video Study, the TIMSS 1999 Video Study provides rich descriptions of mathematics teaching as it is actually experienced by eighth-grade students in seven countries. In addition to the United States, participating countries include Australia, the Czech Republic, Hong Kong SAR, Japan, the Netherlands, and Switzerland. Students in these countries were generally among the top-performing students on the TIMSS 1995 mathematics assessment and, in particular, outperformed their U.S. counterparts. This report presents initial results from the study.
3/26/2003
NCES 2003022 Mathematics Teachers' Familiarity with Standards and their Instructional Practices: 1995 and 1999
This issue brief uses data from the TIMSS 1995 and TIMSS 1999 surveys to examine the degree of teacher familiarity with various standards and assessments in 1995 and 1999. It then compares teacher reports of their instructional practices in classrooms with teacher reports of their familiarity with standards and assessments. The analysis shows that teacher awareness of state curriculum guides and state assessments increased between 1995 and 1999. In addition, the Brief provides modest support for the existence of a relationship between familiarity with policy instruments and teacher practices.
3/24/2003
NCES 2002131 Arts Education in Public Elementary and Secondary Schools: 1999-2000
This report provides national data on arts education in public elementary and secondary schools during 1999–2000. Five surveys were employed in order to gain a more comprehensive understanding of the state of arts education. The first two surveys captured information from elementary and secondary school principals on a wide variety of topics related to how the arts were delivered in the nation’s regular public schools, such as: the availability and characteristics of instructional programs in music, visual arts, dance, and drama/theatre; staffing; space for arts instruction; and funding sources. Other topics included supplemental programs and activities in the arts, administrative support, and the perceived status of the arts among school staff and parents. As a complement to the elementary school survey, the elementary school music specialist, visual arts specialist, and self-contained classroom teacher surveys provided data on a broad range of topics regarding how the arts were taught in the nation’s public elementary schools in 1999–2000. Topics included: the educational backgrounds (e.g., degrees, certification, years of experience) of music specialists, visual arts specialists, and classroom teachers; participation in professional development activities; teaching load; teaching practices; collaboration and integration of the arts into other areas of the curriculum; and teacher involvement in arts-related activities outside of school.
5/15/2002
NCES 2000014 Mathematics and Science in the Eighth Grade: Findings from the Third International Mathematics and Science Study (1995)
This in-depth report focuses on the eighth-grade findings from the 1995 Third International Mathematics and Science Study, with an emphasis on the place of the United States among the participating nations. It examines overall U.S. student achievement, the achievement of various subpopulations within the United States, and instructional practices of U.S. eighth-grade mathematics and science teachers.
6/7/2000
NCES 2000062 The Condition of Education, 2000
The Condition of Education is an indicator report, summarizing the health of education, monitoring important developments, and showing trends in major aspects of education. The 65 indicators included examine relationships; show changes over time; compare or contrast sub-populations, regions, or countries; or assess characteristics of students from different backgrounds and types of schools. An indicator is policy relevant and problem oriented; it typically incorporates a standard against which to judge progress or regression. Please remember, however, that indicators are not intended to identify causes or solutions, and cannot individually by themselves provide a completely comprehensive view of conditions in education.
6/1/2000
NCES 1999348 What Happens in Classrooms? Instructional Practices in Elementary and Secondary Schools, 1994-95
This report presents data on how teachers in the classroom teach students. Teachers’ practices in four areas of instruction are covered here: the roles that teachers and students play in learning activities, the materials and technology used in the classroom, the kind of learning tasks that students do both in the classroom and at home, and how teachers assess and evaluate student learning. Data are from a national sample of teachers in kindergarten through 12th grade and in all subject areas.
7/7/1999
NCES 199908 Measuring Classroom Instructional Processes: Using Survey and Case Study Field Test Results to Improve Item Construction
This report describes the results of an exploratory project to develop and field questionnaire items and related methods designed to capture information about instructional processes used nationally in eighth to twelfth grade mathematics. Data from classroom observers, short logs of daily classroom practice kept over a month, and a teacher questionnaire were used to assess the quality of the items.
5/20/1999
NCES 1999036 Digest of Education Statistics, 1998
The Digest is an annual compendium whose primary purpose is to provide a compilation of statistical information covering the broad field of American education from kindergarten through graduate school. The Digest includes more than 400 tables from many sources, both government and private, and draws especially on the results of surveys and activities caried out by NCES. The publication contains information on a variety of subjects in the field of education including educational attainment, federal funds for education, and numbers of schools, colleges, teachers and students.
5/4/1999
NCES 1999074 The TIMSS Videotape Classroom Study: Methods and Findings from an Exploratory Research Project on Eighth-Grade Mathematics Instruction in Germany, Japan, and the United States (1995)
This report presents the methods and findings of the Videotape Classroom Study, a video survey of eighth-grade mathematics lessons in Germany, Japan, and the United States. This exploratory research project is part of the Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS). It is the first to collect videotaped records of classroom instruction-in any subject-from national probability samples.
2/26/1999
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