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Title:  English Literacy of Foreign-Born Adults in the United States: 2003
Description: This Issue Brief draws on data from the 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy (NAAL) to explore the English literacy of foreign-born adults living in households in the United States. The brief presents the English literacy scores of foreign-born adults age 16 and older by race/ethnicity, age of arrival in the United States, years spent in the United States, highest level of educational attainment, and language spoken before starting school. Scores are reported on three literacy scales: prose, document, and quantitative. Findings indicate that English literacy scores of foreign-born adults varied across a variety of background characteristics. For example, Hispanics, who represented approximately half of foreign-born adults, had lower average prose, document, and quantitative literacy scores than their foreign-born Black, White, and Asian peers. In addition, foreign-born adults who had been in the United States the least amount of time (1 to 5 years) had lower average scores on each literacy scale than foreign-born adults who had spent the most amount of time (21 to 30 years and 31 years or more) in the country.
Online Availability:
Cover Date: March 2009
Web Release: March 17, 2009
Publication #: NCES 2009034
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Center/Program: NCES
Type of Product: Issue Brief
Survey/Program Areas: National Assessments of Adult Literacy (NAAL)
Questions: For questions about the content of this Issue Brief, please contact:
Rebecca Bielamowicz.