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Title:  Intervention Report: Lindamood Phoneme Sequencing (LiPS)
Description: This What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report assesses existing research on the Lindamood Phoneme Sequencing (LiPS) program that is designed to teach students the skills they need to decode words and to identify individual sounds and blends in words. The Clearinghouse reviewed 31 studies that investigated the effects of LiPS on students with learning disabilities. One study that falls within the scope of the Students with Learning Disabilities review protocol meets What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) evidence standards. The study included 50 students with learning disabilities from eight to ten years of age in three elementary schools in Florida. Based on this one study, the WWC considers the extent of evidence for LiPS on students with learning disabilities to be small for alphabetic, reading fluency, reading comprehension, writing, and math. The Clearinghouse’s assessment of this research found LiPS to have potentially positive effects on alphabetics, reading fluency, and math, no discernible effects on reading comprehension, and potentially negative effects on writing for students with learning disabilities.
Online Availability:
Cover Date: March 2010
Web Release: March 16, 2010
Print Release:
Publication #: WWC IRLDLI09
General Ordering Information
Center/Program: WWC
Associated Centers: NCEE
Type of Product: Intervention Report
Questions: For questions about the content of this Intervention Report, please contact:
NCES WebMaster.