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What Works Clearinghouse


Summarize and compare the evidence of the effectiveness of interventions that address your school or district’s needs.

Results. 22 Interventions found

Your filters:       Literacy     |     Grade – 3     |     Positive or Potentially Positive     |    Remove all remove all filters

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General literacy achievement

InterventionTopicImprovement IndexEffectiveness RatingExtent Of Evidence
Open Court Reading© Literacy (Beginning Reading)
12
Potentially positive effects Small
Read Naturally® Literacy (Beginning Reading)
10
Potentially positive effects Small

Reading achievement

Reading comprehension

Reading fluency

Writing achievement

InterventionTopicImprovement IndexEffectiveness RatingExtent Of Evidence
Spelling Mastery Children and Youth with Disabilities (Students with Learning Disabilities)
28
Potentially positive effects Small

Research Details

Intervention

Topic

Evidence

Number of Studies For Intervention

Combined Sample Size

Intervention Characteristics Examined in the Reviewed Research Studies

Report Date

Outcome Domain

Improve-
ment
Index

Effectiveness
Rating

Extent of
Evidence

Total

Meets
Stan-
dards

Meets
with
Reser-
vations

# of Schls

# of Students

Grades

Race

Location

Program Type

Delivery Method

Accelerated Reader™ Beginning Reading Reading achievement 16 Potentially Positive Effects Small 100 1 0 12 426 K, 1, 2, 3 Unknown, White >0%, White >50%, Black >0%, Native American >0% South, West, OR, TN Curriculum, Supplement Individual October 2008
Bilingual Cooperative Integrated Reading and Composition (BCIRC) English Language Learners Reading achievement 23 Potentially Positive Effects Small 1 0 1 7 222 2, 3 Unknown South, TX Supplement Small Group, Whole Class February 2007
ClassWide Peer Tutoring Beginning Reading Reading achievement 14 Potentially Positive Effects Small 12 1 0 6 218 1, 2, 3, 4 Unknown Midwest, KS Practice Small Group, Whole School July 2007
Cooperative Integrated Reading and Composition® (CIRC®) Beginning Reading Reading comprehension 12 Potentially Positive Effects Medium to Large 2 1 1 12 712 1, 2, 3, 4 Unknown, White >0%, Black >0%, Black >50%, Other >0% Midwest, Northeast, OH, PA Curriculum Small Group, Whole Class June 2012
Cooperative Integrated Reading and Composition® (CIRC®) Adolescent Literacy Reading comprehension 7 Potentially Positive Effects Medium to Large 52 0 2 9 1460 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 Unknown South, MD Curriculum Whole Class, Whole School August 2010
Cooperative Integrated Reading and Composition® (CIRC®) Adolescent Literacy Reading achievement 2 Potentially Positive Effects Medium to Large 52 0 2 9 1460 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 Unknown South, MD Curriculum Whole Class, Whole School August 2010
Corrective Reading Beginning Reading Reading fluency 11 Potentially Positive Effects Small 25 1 0 8 70 3 Unknown, White >0%, White >50%, Black >0% Northeast, PA Curriculum Small Group July 2007
Corrective Reading Beginning Reading Alphabetics 9 Potentially Positive Effects Small 25 1 0 8 70 3 Unknown, White >0%, White >50%, Black >0% Northeast, PA Curriculum Small Group July 2007
Earobics® Beginning Reading Alphabetics 25 Positive Effects Small 28 2 2 6 246 K, 1, 2, 3 Unknown, White >0%, Black >0%, Native American >0%, Asian >0%, Other >0% Midwest, South, West, AK, CA, FL, IL Supplement Individual January 2009
Earobics® Beginning Reading Reading fluency 15 Potentially Positive Effects Small 28 2 0 2 111 K, 1, 2, 3 Unknown, White >0%, Black >0%, Native American >0%, Asian >0%, Other >0% Midwest, South, West, AK, CA, FL, IL Supplement Individual January 2009
Failure Free Reading Beginning Reading Reading comprehension 10 Potentially Positive Effects Small 59 1 0 8 93 3 Unknown, White >0%, White >50%, Black >0% Northeast, PA Curriculum Individual, Small Group, Whole Class July 2007
Fast ForWord® Adolescent Literacy Reading fluency 17 Potentially Positive Effects Small 305 0 1 3 24 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 Unknown, White >0%, White >50%, Black >0%, Black >50%, Native American >0%, Asian >0%, Other >0% Midwest, Northeast, South, IN, International, MD, NC, OH, PA, VA Curriculum, Supplement Individual August 2010
Fast ForWord® Adolescent Literacy Reading comprehension 8 Potentially Positive Effects Medium to Large 305 0 6 42 1376 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 Unknown, White >0%, White >50%, Black >0%, Black >50%, Native American >0%, Asian >0%, Other >0% Midwest, Northeast, South, IN, International, MD, NC, OH, PA, VA Curriculum, Supplement Individual August 2010
Fast ForWord® Beginning Reading Alphabetics 6 Positive Effects Medium to Large 5 5 0 18 784 K, 1, 2, 3 Unknown, White >0%, White >50%, Black >0%, Black >50% Midwest, South, FL, International, MD, NC, OH, SC Curriculum, Supplement Whole Class March 2013
Instructional Conversations and Literature Logs English Language Learners Reading achievement 29 Potentially Positive Effects Small 2 0 2 11 116 2, 3, 4, 5 Unknown West, CA Supplement Whole Class October 2006
Open Court Reading© Beginning Reading General literacy achievement 12 Potentially Positive Effects Small 1 0 1 12 434 1, 2, 3 Unknown, White >0% Midwest, South, West, CA, FL, GA, ID, IN, NC, TX Curriculum Whole Class October 2014
Open Court Reading© Beginning Reading Reading comprehension 10 Potentially Positive Effects Small 1 1 0 5 679 1, 2, 3 Unknown, White >0% Midwest, South, West, CA, FL, GA, ID, IN, NC, TX Curriculum Whole Class October 2014
Open Court Reading© Adolescent Literacy Reading comprehension 6 Potentially Positive Effects Small 1 1 0 5 917 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 Unknown Midwest, South, West, FL, GA, ID, IN, NC, TX Curriculum Whole Class August 2012
Peer-Assisted Learning Strategies Students with Learning Disabilities Reading comprehension 26 Potentially Positive Effects Small 2 1 1 12 60 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 Unknown, White >0%, White >50%, Black >0% South, TX Supplement Small Group June 2012
Peer-Assisted Learning Strategies Adolescent Literacy Reading comprehension 19 Potentially Positive Effects Small 1 0 1 12 120 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 Unknown, White >0%, White >50% South Supplement Small Group January 2012
Peer-Assisted Learning Strategies Students with Learning Disabilities Reading fluency 14 Potentially Positive Effects Small 2 1 1 12 60 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 Unknown, White >0%, White >50%, Black >0% South, TX Supplement Small Group June 2012
Peer-Assisted Learning Strategies English Language Learners Reading achievement 12 Potentially Positive Effects Small 4 1 0 nr 99 3, 4, 5, 6 Unknown South, TX Practice Small Group September 2010
Read Naturally® Beginning Reading General literacy achievement 10 Potentially Positive Effects Small 2 1 1 4 126 2, 3, 4 Unknown, White >0%, White >50%, Black >0%, Black >50%, Native American >0%, Asian >0%, Other >0% Midwest, West, AZ, CA, MN Supplement Individual, Small Group July 2013
Reading Mastery English Language Learners Reading achievement 28 Potentially Positive Effects Small 1 1 0 9 156 K, 1, 2, 3, 4 Unknown West, OR Supplement Small Group September 2006
Spelling Mastery Students with Learning Disabilities Writing achievement 28 Potentially Positive Effects Small 7 2 0 4 70 2, 3, 4 Unknown, White >0%, White >50%, Black >0% South, AL Curriculum Whole Class January 2014
SpellRead™ Beginning Reading Reading comprehension 20 Potentially Positive Effects Small 2 2 0 9 139 1, 2, 3 White >0%, White >50%, White 100%, Black >0% Northeast, International, PA Curriculum Small Group July 2007
SpellRead™ Beginning Reading Alphabetics 18 Positive Effects Small 2 2 0 9 139 1, 2, 3 White >0%, White >50%, White 100%, Black >0% Northeast, International, PA Curriculum Small Group July 2007
SpellRead™ Beginning Reading Reading fluency 9 Potentially Positive Effects Small 2 2 0 9 139 1, 2, 3 White >0%, White >50%, White 100%, Black >0% Northeast, International, PA Curriculum Small Group July 2007
Success for All® Beginning Reading Alphabetics 13 Positive Effects Medium to Large 110 1 6 73 3909 PK, K, 1, 2, 3 Unknown, White >0%, Black >0%, Black >50%, Asian >0%, Other >0% Midwest, South, West, AR, CA, IN, MD, WA Curriculum Individual, Whole School August 2009
Success for All® Beginning Reading Reading achievement 10 Potentially Positive Effects Medium to Large 110 0 6 37 2573 PK, K, 1, 2, 3 Unknown, White >0%, Black >0%, Black >50%, Asian >0%, Other >0% Midwest, South, West, AR, CA, IN, MD, WA Curriculum Individual, Whole School August 2009
Wilson Reading System® Beginning Reading Alphabetics 13 Potentially Positive Effects Small 9 1 0 8 71 3 Unknown, White >0%, White >50%, Black >0% Northeast, PA Curriculum Small Group July 2007

na = not applicable, nr = not reported