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Assisting Students Struggling with Mathematics: Response to Intervention (RtI) for Elementary and Middle Schools


Summary

Taking early action may be key to helping students struggling with mathematics. The eight recommendations in this guide are designed to help teachers, principals, and administrators use Response to Intervention for the early detection, prevention, and support of students struggling with mathematics.

Recommendations

Tier 1

  Recommendation Level of Evidence
1. Screen all students to identify those at risk for potential mathematics difficulties and provide interventions to students identified as at risk.
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Recommendation 1 (4.1 MB)
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(5:47 minutes)

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Transcript (132 KB)
Moderate

Tiers 2 and 3

  Recommendation Level of Evidence
2. Instructional materials for students receiving interventions should focus intensely on in-depth treatment of whole numbers in kindergarten through grade 5 and on rational numbers in grades 4 through 8. These materials should be selected by committee.
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Recommendation 2 (4.1 MB)
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(5:50 minutes)

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Transcript (137 KB)
Minimal
3. Instruction during the intervention should be explicit and systematic. This includes providing models of proficient problem solving, verbalization of thought processes, guided practice, corrective feedback, and frequent cumulative review.
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Recommendation 3 (4.1 MB)
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Transcript (140 KB)
Strong
4. Interventions should include instruction on solving word problems that is based on common underlying structures.
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Recommendation 4 (4.1 MB)
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(5:29 minutes)

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Transcript (146 KB)
Strong
5. Intervention materials should include opportunities for students to work with visual representations of mathematical ideas and interventionists should be proficient in the use of visual representations of mathematical ideas.
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Recommendation 5 (4.1 MB)
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Moderate
6. Interventions at all grade levels should devote about 10 minutes in each session to building fluent retrieval of basic arithmetic facts.
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Recommendation 6 (4.1 MB)
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(4:55 minutes)

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Transcript (135 KB)
Moderate
7. Monitor the progress of students receiving supplemental instruction and other students who are at risk.
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Recommendation 7 (4.1 MB)
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(4:33 minutes)

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Minimal
8. Include motivational strategies in tier 2 and tier 3 interventions.
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Recommendation 8 (4.1 MB)
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(1:16 minutes)

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Transcript (119 KB)
Minimal
This practice guide was prepared for the WWC by Mathematica Policy Research under contract
ED-07-CO-0062.


The following research staff contributed to the guide: Shannon Monahan, Libby Scott, and Jamila Henderson.

These videos were prepared by WestEd under the Doing What Works Contract (ED-PEP-11-C-0068).
All videos are based on recommendations from the WWC practice guides and are designed to complement the guides.