Edit Details
Practice Guide iconPractice Guide
Released: April 2009
PDF (4.0 MB)
Taking early action may be key to helping students struggling with mathematics. The eight recommendations in this guide are designed to help teachers, principals, and administrators use Response to Intervention for the early detection, prevention, and support of students struggling with mathematics.
Moderate Evidence
Screen all students to identify those at risk for potential mathematics difficulties and provide interventions to students identified as at risk.
Show More Show Less
Minimal Evidence
Instructional materials for students receiving interventions should focus intensely on in-depth treatment of whole numbers in kindergarten through grade 5 and on rational numbers in grades 4 through 8.
Show More Show Less
Strong Evidence
Instruction during the intervention should be explicit and systematic.
Show More Show Less
Strong Evidence
Interventions should include instruction on solving word problems that is based on common underlying structures.
Show More Show Less
Moderate Evidence
Intervention materials should include opportunities for students to work with visual representations of mathematical ideas and interventionists should be proficient in the use of visual representations of mathematical ideas.
Show More Show Less
Moderate Evidence
Interventions at all grade levels should devote about 10 minutes in each session to building fluent retrieval of basic arithmetic facts.
Show More Show Less
Minimal Evidence
Monitor the progress of students receiving supplemental instruction and other students who are at risk.
Show More Show Less
Minimal Evidence
Include motivational strategies in tier 2 and tier 3 interventions.
Show More Show Less

These materials should be selected by committee.

Learn More About This Recommendation (4.0 MB)

Transcript PDF (138 KB)
Video (5:50 minutes)

This includes providing models of proficient problem solving, verbalization of thought processes, guided practice, corrective feedback, and frequent cumulative review.

Learn More About This Recommendation (4.0 MB)

Transcript PDF (141 KB)
Video (5:27 minutes)
  • Administrator
  • Policymaker
  • Researcher
  • School Specialist
  • Teacher

This practice guide was prepared for the WWC by Mathematica Policy Research under contract ED-07-CO-0062.

The following research staff contributed to the guide: Shannon Monahan, Libby Scott, and Jamila Henderson.

These videos were prepared by WestEd under the Doing What Works Contract (ED-PEP-11-C-0068).
All videos are based on recommendations from the WWC practice guides and are designed to complement the guides.

  • Russell Gersten (Chair)
    Instructional Research Group

    Play an interview of Panel Chair, Russell Gersten, and Sharon Vaughn: RtI and Special Education (7:13 minutes)
  • Sybilla Beckmann
    University of Georgia
  • Benjamin Clarke
    Instructional Research Group
  • Anne Foegen
    Iowa State University
  • Laurel Marsh
    Howard County Public School System
  • Jon R. Star
    Harvard University
  • Bradley Witzel
    Winthrop University

Connect With the WWC

newsflash icon contact icon rss icon facebook icon twitter icon

back to top