Reference Resources iconReview Protocols

This review-specific protocol guides the review of research that informs the What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) intervention reports in the Children Identified With or at Risk for an Emotional Disturbance topic area. The review-specific protocol is used in conjunction with the WWC Procedures and Standards Handbook (version 3.0).

This review focuses on interventions designed for use with K–12 students identified as having an emotional disturbance (ED) or at risk for classification of ED. This review will focus on the effect of interventions on the following types of outcomes: academic, problem behaviors, school engagement, self-determination, social-emotional competence, and transitional (i.e., the behavioral, social, functional skills that enable young adults with disabilities to obtain and hold meaningful employment, live independently, and obtain further training and education).

The following research questions guide this review:

  • Which interventions are effective at improving outcomes of students identified with an ED, students at risk for classification of ED, students who have an emotional or behavior disorder consistent with ED, or students who are receiving an intervention to prevent classification? Are some interventions more effective than others for these students?
  • Does the effectiveness of interventions for students with an ED vary by type of outcome?
  • Are some interventions more effective for particular subgroups of students with an ED (for example, differences based on grade/age, English learner status, gender, race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, school level) or in particular settings?

Table of Contents

  • Purpose Statement
  • Key Definitions
  • Procedures for Conducting the Literature Search
  • Eligibility Criteria
  • Design Standards

Protocol Details

  • Version: 3.0
  • Released: December 2015
  • Version: 2.0
  • Released: October 2011

What is a Protocol?

A review protocol defines the scope of a systematic review. Developed with substantive experts, the protocol defines the parameters for the review, including the research, populations, settings, and outcomes. The protocol also specifies details of the literature search and any topic-specific applications of the design standards.

Protocol versions reflect the version of WWC standards in effect when the protocol was released. Protocol versions that predate the current version of the WWC standards handbook can be used to identify acceptable outcome domains for review within a given topic. The current WWC standards are used to guide the review of studies with acceptable outcomes.

Connect With the WWC

back to top