WWC Summary of Evidence for this Intervention

Cooperative Integrated Reading and Composition (CIRC)

Cooperative Integrated Reading and Composition® (CIRC®) is a comprehensive reading and writing program for students in grades 2–8. It includes story-related activities, direct instruction in reading comprehension, and integrated reading and language arts activities. Pairs of students (grouped either by or across ability levels) read to each other, predict how stories will end, summarize stories, write responses, and practice spelling, decoding, and vocabulary. Within cooperative teams of four, students work to understand the main idea of a story and work through the writing process. The CIRC® process includes teacher instruction, team practice, peer assessment, and team/partner recognition. A Spanish version of the program was also designed for grades 2–5.

Reviewed Research

June 2012
Studies meeting standards Grades
Students Improvement
Comprehension Potentially positive effects 2 studies meet standards 3-4 712
Bramlett, Ronald K. (1994) 3 392
Stevens, Robert J.; And Others. (1991) 3-4 320
Reading achievement No discernible effects 1 study meets standards 3-4 320 --
Stevens, Robert J.; And Others. (1991) 3-4 320
August 2010

As of August 2010, no studies of Cooperative Integrated Reading and Composition (CIRC) were found that fell within the scope of the Adolescent Literacy review protocol and met WWC evidence standards. Therefore, the WWC is unable to draw any research based conclusions about the effectiveness or ineffectiveness of Cooperative Integrated Reading and Composition (CIRC) to improve outcomes in this area.

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