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Leveled Literacy Intervention
Beginning Reading

Leveled Literacy Intervention had positive effects on general reading achievement, potentially positive effects on reading fluency, and no discernible effects on alphabetics for beginning readers.
Leveled Literacy Intervention (LLI) is a short-term, supplementary, small-group literacy intervention designed to help struggling readers achieve grade-level competency. The intervention provides explicit instruction in phonological awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, reading comprehension, oral language skills, and writing. LLI helps teachers match students with texts of progressing difficulty and deliver systematic lessons targeted to a student’s reading ability.

Findings

2
studies that met standards out of
10
eligible studies reviewed
Outcome Domain Effectiveness Rating Grades Improvement Index
Alphabetics No discernible effects K-2 --
Reading achievement Positive effects K-2
 
 
11
Reading fluency Potentially positive effects K-2
 
 
11

Last Updated: September 2017

Race

Black
33%
White
29%
Not specified
38%

Ethnicity

Hispanic
50%
Not Hispanic
49%

Gender

Male: 53%
Female: 47%

Free & Reduced-Price Lunch

84%

English Learners

English Learners icon
22%


Related Resources

This intervention report was prepared for the WWC by Mathematica Policy Research under contract ED-IES-13-C-0010.

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