Grant Competition (findings for Tutoring)
Meets WWC standards without reservations
This review may not reflect the full body of research evidence for this intervention.
Evidence Tier rating based solely on this study. This intervention may achieve a higher tier when combined with the full body of evidence.
Characteristics of study sample as reported by study author.
Rural, Suburban, Urban
The study takes place in school settings throughout urban, suburban and rural areas coordinated by Big Brothers Big Sisters of America clubs in the United States. In this form of mentoring, adults or older students are matched with protégés and meet with them on the school grounds during the school day or soon after, typically for at least one hour a week.
In this study the average age of the treatment group is 11.22 years and 11.24 years for the control group, and 41 elementary, 27 middle, and 3 high schools were included. 54% of students in both groups were female and 69% of students in both groups were on free/reduced lunch. The African American and Hispanic population of each group was 61% for the control and 64% for the treatment group.
The study examines the effects of a school-based mentoring (SBM) program, Big Brothers Big Sisters of America (BBBSA). The school-based BBBSA is a bit more constrained than the community-based BBBSA, which allows pairs to choose locations and activities themselves. The school-based version of the BBBSA program examined here is more limited in nature but has well-defined national standards. Students would meet regularly with volunteers (mentors) on school grounds. The programs did vary slightly, with about half SBM programs had students meet with mentors during the school day while the other half met after school. Program activities varied widely and were often chosen by the pair or by the student alone. Most common activities included talking casually, about family or the future, playing indoor games, doing creative activities, playing sports, doing homework, and the like. Most met for 45-60 minutes, while some met for over an hour. Pairs typically met three to four times per month, averaging about 17 hours over 5.3 months.
The comparison group attended school as usual and did not receive the Big Brothers Big Sisters of America intervention.
Support for implementation
About half of the school based mentoring programs met with mentors during the day while half met after school. A variety of locations were used for meetings, such as the cafeteria, library, and designated classrooms. On average, Big Brothers Big Sisters of America agencies overseeing the school programs had 9.5 years of experience implementing the school-based mentoring program. The Big Brothers Big Sisters of America supported sites during implementation using meetings and teleconferences. The pre-match mentor training lasted about 45 minutes on average. The authors noted that mentors who received more training were more likely to develop close relationships with their mentees.