WWC review of this study

Impact on high school students’ behaviors and protective factors: A pilot study of the Too Good for Drugs and Violence prevention program.

Bacon, T. P. (2001). Florida Educational Research Council, Inc. Research Bulletin, 32(3 & 4), 1–40.

  • Quasi-Experimental Design
     examining 
    200
     Students
    , grades
    9-12

Reviewed: September 2006

Study sample characteristics were not reported.
At least one statistically significant positive finding
Meets WWC standards with reservations

Reviewed: September 2006

Knowledge, attitudes, & values outcomes—Statistically significant positive effects found
Outcome
measure
Comparison Period Sample Intervention
mean
Comparison
mean
Significant? Improvement
index

Perceptions of social and resistance skills

Too Good for Drugs and Violence (TGFD & V) vs. Business as usual

Posttest

Grades 9 - 12;
200 students

4.07

3.73

Yes

 
 
21
More Outcomes

Perception of emotional competence

Too Good for Drugs and Violence (TGFD & V) vs. Business as usual

Posttest

Grades 9 - 12;
200 students

4.09

3.79

Yes

 
 
21

Positive attitudes towards non-violence

Too Good for Drugs and Violence (TGFD & V) vs. Business as usual

Posttest

Grades 9 - 12;
200 students

3.97

3.55

Yes

 
 
21

Perceptions of parental negative attitudes towards substance use

Too Good for Drugs and Violence (TGFD & V) vs. Business as usual

Posttest

Grades 9 - 12;
200 students

3.76

3.33

Yes

 
 
21

Intentions for fighting (no intentions)

Too Good for Drugs and Violence (TGFD & V) vs. Business as usual

Posttest

Grades 9 - 12;
128 students

N/A

N/A

Yes

 
 
18

Intentions for marijuana (no intentions)

Too Good for Drugs and Violence (TGFD & V) vs. Business as usual

Posttest

Grades 9 - 12;
138 students

N/A

N/A

Yes

 
 
17

Perceptions of assertiveness/efficacy skills

Too Good for Drugs and Violence (TGFD & V) vs. Business as usual

Posttest

Grades 9 - 12;
200 students

4.17

3.98

No

 
 
10

Characteristics of study sample as reported by study author.


  • Female: 49%
    Male: 51%
  • Race
    Black
    9%
    White
    68%
  • Ethnicity
    Hispanic
    20%
    Not Hispanic
    80%
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    Florida

Setting

One school district in Florida.

Study sample

The study included 394 students from 11 classrooms in one high school. About 49% of the total sample were females. The majority of the students (68%) were white, followed by 20% Hispanic, and 9% African-American. Almost half of the sample (46%) were ninth grade students, 26% were tenth graders, 12% eleventh graders, and 16% twelfth graders. About 9% of the sample was of a low socioeconomic background.

Intervention Group

The TGFDV group received 14 lessons during health classes. Each lesson ranged from 45 to 55 minutes.

Comparison Group

Students in the comparison group participated in the standard health and personal fitness curriculum and were not exposed to the TGFDV program content or any equivalent program.

Outcome descriptions

Students responded to paper-and-pencil questionnaires that assessed intentions to use marijuana and engage in fighting, attitudes toward nonviolence, perceptions of emotional competency skills, perceptions of social and peer resistance skills, perceptions of assertiveness skills, attitudes toward drugs, perceptions of peer norms, perceptions of peer approval, and perceptions of goals and decisionmaking skills. (See Appendix A2 for a more detailed description of outcome measures.)

Support for implementation

All lessons were delivered by program instructors (trained off-site educators). So, no training of teachers was done.

In the case of multiple manuscripts that report on one study, the WWC selects one manuscript as the primary citation and lists other manuscripts that describe the study as additional sources.

  • Bacon, T. P. (2001). Impact on high school students’ behaviors and protective factors: A pilot study of the Too Good for Drugs and Violence prevention program. Florida Educational Research Council, Inc. Research Bulletin, 32(3 & 4), 1–40.

  • Bacon, T. P. (2001). Impact on high school students’ behaviors and protective factors: A pilot study of the Too Good for Drugs and Violence prevention program. Florida Educational Research Council, Inc. Research Bulletin, 32(3 & 4), 1–40.

 

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