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- Provide opportunities to practice recognizing the total number of objects in small collections (one to three items) and labeling them.
- Promote accurate one-to-one counting to identify the total number of items in a collection.
- As students progress, provide opportunities for them to use number words and counting to compare quantities.
- Encourage them to label collection with number words and numerals.
- Help students recognize, name, and compare shapes, then teach them to combine and separate shapes.
- Encourage them to look for and identify patterns, then teach them to extend, correct, and create patterns.
- Help children learn to use measurement vocabulary words (long and short, big and small) using standard and nonstandard units and tools of measurement.
- Help them collect and organize information, like toys and blocks, then teach them to represent that information by drawing.
- Use introductory activities, observations, and assessments to determine each child's existing math knowledge.
- Tailor instruction to each child's needs, and relate new ideas to his or her existing knowledge.
- Assess, record, and monitor each child's progress, and adjust instructional goals and methods as needed.
- Encourage children to use informal methods to represent math concepts, such as "more" and "all together."
- Use open-ended questions to prompt children to apply their math knowledge.
- Encourage children to recognize and talk about math in everyday situations such as during recess, snack, transition, and small and large-group time.
- Plan daily instruction targeting specific math concepts and skills.
- Embed math in classroom routines and activities such as taking attendance and snack time.
- Create a math-rich environment and highlight math within other topics of study.
- Use games to teach math concepts and skills.