Under the Education Sciences Reform Act, activities of the Institute that are carried out through grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements, at a minimum, shall be awarded on a competitive basis, and, when practical, through a process of peer review. Further, the Director is required to establish a peer review procedure (involving highly qualified individuals with an in-depth knowledge of the subject to be investigated) for reviewing and evaluating all applications for grants and cooperative agreements that exceed $100,000.
The Office of Science is responsible for implementing the scientific peer review of grant applications. As with the peer review of reports, a key provision of the grant application peer review system is intended to put distance between the program officers and administrators within the Institute who administer grant programs, work with grantees, and disseminate the results of research, and, those who are responsible for the peer review of applications for funding under those grant programs.
In FY 2002, the Institute established a new system for the scientific review of grant applications that is similar in many ways to the process of grant application peer review at the National Institutes of Health. Office of Science staff identify and recruit highly qualified reviewers primarily on the basis of the quality of the research they have conducted and published in scientific peer-reviewed journals and the degree to which they are in-depth experts in the relevant research methods and subject matter.
In FY 2003, the Institute created an entirely electronic application submission and review process. This electronic system allows applicants to submit letters of intent and grant applications online. In addition, the electronic system also allows reviewers to access applications assigned to their panel, submit their reviews of applications, view preliminary scores and reviews submitted by other reviewers (after submitting their own reviews), and revise their own narrative comments during the panel review meeting. The electronic system allows Institute staff to closely monitor the progress of the review process, and to quickly calculate preliminary scientific merit scores that are used to triage the top ranked applications for consideration by the full panels at the panel review meetings. The electronic system also allows for quick calculation of final scientific merit scores for use in funding considerations, and preparation of review feedback for applicants.
The Office of Science uses a contractor to handle the review logistics, and manage the electronic system for grant application submission and review. The Deputy Director for Science and Office of Science staff determine the number and type of review panels needed, select and recruit peer reviewers, assign grant applications to the appropriate review panels, assign primary reviewers to each application, conduct discrepancy analyses of initial rating scores, conduct the triage of applications to be considered by the full panel, and work with the contractor to provide feedback to applicants and generate scores for applications that determine scientific merit for funding decisions.
Interested in Serving as a Peer Reviewer? Let us know here: https://iesreview.ed.gov/ReviewerRecruitment.
IES Procedures for Peer Review of Grant Applications,
adopted by the National Board for Education Sciences January 24, 2006.
Download, view, and print as a PDF file (134 KB)
Download, view, and print as an MS Word file (97 KB)