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Using High School Data to Predict Early College Success in Guam

Region:
Pacific
Abstract:

Description: Many Guam public high school graduates who enroll as first-time freshmen at the University of Guam and Guam Community College are placed into non-credit developmental courses instead of credit-bearing courses. This suggests that many of these students may not be prepared for early college success. Because early college success has important implications for students and educational institutions, stakeholders at the University of Guam, Guam Community College, and the Guam Department of Education have expressed a need to learn more about early college success among their students, as well as predictors of early college success in this population.

This study will use existing data to examine early college success, as well as demographic and academic preparation characteristics, of recent graduates from Guam public high schools who enrolled at the University of Guam or Guam Community College from 2012 through 2015. The study will also examine which demographic and academic preparation characteristics predict early college success among these students. This study's findings are expected to help the University of Guam, Guam Community College, and the Guam Department of Education identify at-risk students and target their efforts so that supports can be implemented as early as possible prior to college entrance. This, in turn, should improve early college success among their students.

Research Questions:

  1. What percentage of recent Guam high school graduates who entered either the University of Guam or Guam Community College demonstrated early college success based on the three indicators examined for this study: enrollment in only credit-bearing English and math courses at the University of Guam and Guam Community College, completion of all credits attempted during their first semester at the University of Guam and Guam Community College, and persistence into a second year of college?
  2. What are the demographic and academic preparation characteristics of recent Guam high school graduates who entered either the University of Guam or Guam Community College and who demonstrated early college success compared with those who did not demonstrate early college success based on the three indicators examined for this study?
  3. What demographic and academic preparation characteristics of recent Guam high school graduates who entered either the University of Guam or Guam Community College predict early college success based on the three indicators examined for this study?

Study Design: For this descriptive and correlational study, the REL Pacific research team will conduct descriptive analyses to determine the percentage of recent Guam public high school who enrolled at the University of Guam or Guam Community College from 2012 through 2015 who demonstrated early college success based on the three indicators for this study. Descriptive analyses will also be used to examine how the demographic and academic preparation characteristic of students who demonstrated early college success compared with those who did not demonstrate early college success. In addition, the research team will conduct multiple logistic regression analyses to determine what demographic and academic preparation characteristics predict early college success among this group of students.

Projected Release Date: Spring 2020
Partnership or Research Alliance: Guam Partnership for College and Career Readiness and Success
Study Related Products: Stated Briefly report
Making Connections report

Principal Investigators & Affiliation:
Lisa Shannon, Director of Research and Evaluation, Magnolia Consulting, LLC
Tedra Clark, Director of Research, McREL International